List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER RIVER IRWELL TO FORMER LIVERPOOL ROAD STATION (THAT PART IN SALFORD)

List entry Number: 1391927

Location

RAILWAY BRIDGE OVER RIVER IRWELL TO FORMER LIVERPOOL ROAD STATION (THAT PART IN SALFORD), WILBURN STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
SalfordMetropolitan Authority

National Park: 

Grade: I

Date first listed: 20-Feb-2007

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 502504

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details



949-1/0/10037 WILBURN STREET 20-FEB-07 Railway bridge over River Irwell to fo rmer Liverpool Road Station (that part in Salford)

GV I Railway bridge carrying former Liverpool to Manchester railway over River Irwell. 1830 designed by George Stephenson with slight alterations. Cushion-rusticated sandstone ashlar.

DESCRIPTION: Built at a slight angle over the river. Two segmental arches with central pier and cut-water (the east half in City of Manchester). Radiating run-out voussoirs to the arches and pilaster strips to each side of the central pier, and at the east end. Plain dressed cornice and parapet with flat coping. HISTORY: The railway bridge is an integral component of the former Liverpool Road Station to the east (q.v.) (now The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester) to which it is linked by an 1830 viaduct and rebuilt 1905 iron bridge over Water Street (q.v.). The station, designed by George Stephenson, was the eastern terminus of the world's first passenger railway line to operate solely using steam locomotives.

The design of the bridge was largely dictated by the Mersey and Irwell Navigation Company, who specified that it should have headroom of at least 29 ft with two channels of 63 ft to avoid impeding river traffic. The height of the bridge resulted in the level of the rails being well above ground level on the Manchester side, necessitating the construction of a brick viaduct to carry the line, which in turn determined the height of the buildings within Liverpool Road Station. The bridge carried three pairs of railway lines and a roadway to enable the Navigation Company's goods' wagons to cross the river.

SOURCES: Clare Hartwell: Manchester. Pevsner Architectural Guides (2001), 264-268. Display Boards within The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester. SUMMARY OF IMPORTANCE This is an 1830 stone railway bridge crossing the River Irwell. It is of special architectural and historic interest due to its early date, intactness, and design by George Stephenson, the nationally renowned railway engineer. It forms an integral component of Liverpool Road Station, the Manchester terminus for the Liverpool & Manchester Railway Company, which is the world's first surviving passenger railway station (now The Museum of Science and Industry in Manchester), and thus of great historical importance in the development of a national transport infrastructure. As such, the bridge has strong Group Value with the various structures and buildings which formed part of the station. These include the 1830 brick viaduct at its east end and rebuilt 1905 iron bridge over Water Street, the 1830 passenger station, 1830 warehouse, the 1855 railway goods transfer shed (now Power Hall of MSIM), the iron railway bridge abutting its north side together with a second iron bridge over Water Street and colonnaded viaduct leading to the 1880 Lower Byrom Street Warehouse. It also has Group Value with the bridge and viaduct immediately to its south, built by Manchester South Junction & Atrincham Railway Company in 1849, the two bridges converging on the Salford side. Therefore, the bridge is of sufficient special interest in a national context to merit listing at Grade I.

Selected Sources

  1. Article  Reference - Author: Hartwell, C - Title: Manchester - Date: 2001 - Journal Title: Pevsner Architectural Guides - Page References: 264-268

National Grid Reference: SJ 82828 97950

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 28-Aug-2014 at 08:05:50.