List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: NUMBERS 4-28 AND ATTACHED RAILINGS

List entry Number: 1381760

Location

NUMBERS 4-28 AND ATTACHED RAILINGS, 4-28, MARINE SQUARE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
The City of Brighton and HoveUnitary Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 13-Oct-1952

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 482124

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BRIGHTON

TQ3203NW MARINE SQUARE 577-1/48/484 Nos.4-28 (Consecutive) 13/10/52 and attached railings (Formerly Listed as: MARINE PARADE Nos.4-21 (Consecutive)) (Formerly Listed as: MARINE PARADE Nos.22-28 (Consecutive))

GV II

Terraced houses. c1824. Possibly designed by Amon Wilds and Charles Augustin Busby. Stucco to all except Nos 16 and 20, recovered in rough cast, and Nos 6-8 and 10-12, which have a stucco basement, first floor and cornice with brick in Flemish bond and lintels of gauged brick to the first and second floors. Roof obscured by blocking course. The square is laid out on a U-shaped plan; the houses in the left and right arms (Nos 4-12 and 20-28) were originally of identical design, those in the centre range are of a different design and on a grander scale. EXTERIOR: each side unit has 4 storeys over basement, 3 windows each. Steps up to round-arched entry with fanlight. Ground floor rusticated. To the side of the entrance a segmental bay with tripartite, flat-arched windows. Verandah with cast-iron railings, brackets and stanchions to first floor; in the centre of the verandah is another segmental bay, this one also with tripartite, flat-arched windows, but on a different axis and broader than the one below. Convex roof to bay and lean-to roof to verandah of metal. All windows flat arched. Cornice and blocking course above. Individual features include: decorative glazing to fanlights of Nos 7-8 and 23-25; banded rustication to No.22; doors of original design to Nos 4, 25, and 28; storey band between second and third floor of No.5; cornice to second floor windows of No.10; Nos 6-8; mid to late C19 window guards and parapet railing to No.23; sashes of original design to ground floor of Nos 11 and 23; to first-floor bay of Nos 6-8, 11, 23-24, and 27; to second floor of Nos 6, 11, 23-24, 26 (top sashes only), and 27; to third floor of Nos 6, 11, 23-24, and 27. The verandahs are gone from Nos 12, 26, and 27. Nos 9, 22, and 28 have been extensively remodelled in the mid to late C19. In No.9 a full-height canted bay with tripartite, flat-arched windows replaced the segmental bays; verandah has a hipped roof; to left of bay on the second and third floors is a flat-arched, blocked window with floating cornice supported by console brackets; storey band between second and third floors; cornice; the round-arched entrance set, rusticated base, and verandah railings are original. No.22 has narrowly banded rustication on the ground floor; round-arched entrance has a hood moulding consisting of a modillioned cornice and volute keystone; the bay is moulded at bottom with closely spaced console brackets, and at its corner are fluted pilasters from which spring brackets supporting the verandah; 2 brackets over the entrance and one at the party wall are of the same design but larger; rectangular verandah with roof supported by wood brackets cut in a series of "C" curves; the fascia of the verandah floor is ornamented by a frieze of circles; the second-floor windows are intersected by a panelled blind parapet, and cornice which is interrupted by 3 console brackets supporting ball finials; between the second and third floors is a storey band ornamented with fluting and bars, a pattern repeated in the third floor cornice. No.28 has a round-arched entrance with architrave which intersects at the springing of the arch a horizontal band ornamented with a guilloche moulding; this band is interrupted by the bay but resumes at the far wall; 3-storey porch rising from the first through the third floors, rectangular in plan, with cast-iron railings and stanchions in an interlace pattern. No.12A is a mid to late C19 insertion with flat-arched entry; 4 storeys over basement. Stacks to party walls of all. Railings to stairs and areas. Centre range: each unit has 4 storeys and an attic over half basement; the central unit, No.6, has 3 windows, the end units have one broad window each, and the units between centre and ends have 2 windows each. This group of 7 houses is treated as a bilaterally symmetrical composition, with the wider centre unit treated as a projecting pavilion framed by giant Tuscan pilasters to the first and second floors. The end units project further forward than the centre, and between them runs a continuous Doric colonnade forming a porch to the ground floors of all and a verandah above; the Doric columns are paired at the line of the party walls, leaving a large space in front of the ground-floor windows of the intermediate units; there are separate first-floor verandahs to the end pavilions. Only the verandah of Nos 18-19 preserves the original cast-iron brackets, railings and stanchions. The rest have been enclosed by C20 glazing. The ground floor has banded rustication, becoming voussoirs and keystones over each round-arched entrance with fanlight; these are reached by a short set of stairs. Sill bands to second floor windows; continuous entablature between third floor and attic; entablature and blocking course to attic. All windows flat arched; to the left of end units entries are flat-arched tripartite windows with a keystone in the centre of the lintel. Individual features include: decorative glazing to fanlight of No.18; projecting sill and cast-iron window guard to ground floor of No.19; sashes of original design to first-floor French doors of end units. INTERIOR: not inspected. The whole of Marine Square (Nos 4-28 consecutive) form a most important group with Nos 111-119 (consecutive), 122-133 (consecutive), and 133A Marine Parade (qv). Nos 22-28 (consecutive) Marine Square were listed on 20/08/71. (Carder T: The Encyclopaedia of Brighton: Lewes: 1990-).







Listing NGR: TQ3243003748

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Carder, T, Encyclopaedia of Brighton, (1990)

National Grid Reference: TQ 32430 03748

Map


© Crown Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2014. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 27-Nov-2014 at 05:35:33.