List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: NUMBER 20, 22 AND 24 ROW THE DUTCH HOUSES NUMBER 22, 24 AND 26 STREET

List entry Number: 1376071

Location

NUMBER 20, 22 AND 24 ROW THE DUTCH HOUSES, 20, 22 AND 24, BRIDGE STREET AND ROW
NUMBER 22, 24 AND 26 STREET, 22, 24 AND 26, BRIDGE STREET AND ROW

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire West and ChesterUnitary Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II

Date first listed: 28-Jul-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Aug-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 470057

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

CHESTER CITY (IM)

SJ4066SE BRIDGE STREET AND ROW 595-1/4/42 (West side) 28/07/55 Nos.22, 24 & 26 Street and Nos.20, 22 & 24 Row (The Dutch Houses) (Formerly Listed as: BRIDGE STREET Nos 22 to 26 (even) Street & Nos 20 to 24 (even) Row)

GV II

3 shops at street level, mutually overlapping at Row level and above. 3 bays, probably formerly forming either a 3-bay undercroft and town house or 2 or 3 undercroft-and-town-house tenures. Sandstone piers probably of medieval origin; late C17 timber framing; late C17 or C18 brickwork; rendering; grey slate roof; heavy restoration 1973-1975 destroyed elements of the old building and inserted concrete and steel framing. EXTERIOR: 4 storeys, including former undercroft and Row levels, plus attic storey. Nos 22 & 26 Street have modern shopfronts; No.24 has recessed door with a large pane above a pair of panels; painted frame of shopfront, probably cast-iron, has slim colonnettes with foliar capitals, and mouldings in the quadrant upper corners to panes. The Row front has substantial painted wood barleysugar balusters and rails, those to No.20 inserted 1973 in place of C19 cast-iron railing; rectangular stop-chamfered sandstone pier at each end and between Nos 20 & 22 and a thinner octagonal pillar between Nos 22 & 24; sockets, now filled, for a former rail at rear of the sloping stallboard; the Row walk paving is covered; replaced beams and plaster ceiling over stallboard and Row walk; modern shopfronts. The frontage of the third, fourth and attic storeys is renewed, with numerous alterations; renewed oak fascia above Row front, on brackets; 4 painted wooden barleysugar pilasters with quasi-Ionic capitals, renewed at least in part, to each of the third and fourth storeys; all the windows are renewed, incorrect in detail, replacing former sashes in Nos 20 & 22; the third storey has 2 mullioned and transomed 3-light leaded casements with top-hung top-lights to No.20, a similar 5-light casement to No.22 and a 4-light casement to the front of No.24, plus a transomed 1-light casement in the south return; a replaced oak architrave, frieze and cornice at fourth storey floor level; the fourth storey has a mullioned 6-light leaded casement to No.20 with alternating top-hung top-lights, a 4-light mullioned and transomed leaded casement to No.22, one



of 6 lights to No.24 and a 1-light transomed casement in the south return; a replaced oak cornice and lead apron roof in front of the attic storey which has 3 mullioned and transomed leaded casements with top-hung top-lights; plain bargeboards to the 3 front gables. The rear has 2 gables, to the north bay (No.20 Row) and to the combined middle and south bays (Nos 22 & 24 Row). This arrangement and the octagonal pillar near the front of the junction line suggest that Nos 22 & 24 had been a single tenement, possibly from the Middle Ages. What can be seen of No.20 looks late C17, but rendered and with C19 window. Nos 22 & 24 are C18, in Flemish bond; projecting bands; 9-pane, 12-pane and 16-pane sashes. INTERIOR: most features at street and Row levels are covered, except some C17 ceiling joists visible in No.24 Street, a C19 stair and some C17 timbers in No.22 Row and C17 joists in No.24 Row. Features in the upper storeys, disconnected, are largely of individual interest. The third storey has a mid C17 fireplace in north wall of front parlour and a chamfered stone pier in the north and south wall; some probably C18 or C19 brickwork; the parlour extending across the fronts of Nos 22 & 24 shows the south side of the south pier in No.20 and a chamfered pier in the south wall of No.24; the column between Nos 22 & 24, immediately above the similar column in the Row, suggests that the chamber always encompassed 2 bays; the ceiling above the bay of No.24 has a good 3-panel moulded plaster ceiling, c1700, which was removed, restored and re-installed in 1975; a late C17 fireplace in the south wall, and in the south wall of the rear room of No.24, which also has C17 oak beams. The fourth storey has sandstone piers and octagonal column, as in the third storey; a C17 sandstone fireplace in the south wall of No.24. An altered oak newel stair with 2 barleysugar balusters per step rises from the third storey to the attic. The attic storey, largely clad, shows a late C17 roof truss at rear of front room of No.20 and at rear of Nos 22 & 24; oak purlins. The restoration of 1973-5 is of some interest as an example of methods then used on a severely dilapidated building, in marked contrast to the more conservative approach which would now be adopted. (Chester Rows Research Project: Harris R: Archive, Bridge Street West: 1989-; Engravings of street frontages in Chester: Batenham: Bridge Street West (part): 1816-).





Listing NGR: SJ4051966212

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SJ 40519 66212

Map

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Apr-2014 at 02:10:53.