List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: KIRBY HALL (THAT PART IN BULWICK CIVIL PARISH)

List entry Number: 1374889

Location

KIRBY HALL (THAT PART IN BULWICK CIVIL PARISH), KIRBY LANE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthamptonshireCorbyDistrict AuthorityGretton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 17-Apr-1972

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 232877

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BULWICK KIRBY LANE (DEENE) SP99SW (North side) 5/16 Kirby Hall (that part in 17/04/72 Bulwick C.P.)

GV I

Country house. 1570-75, probably by Thomas Thorpe master mason, for Sir Humphrey Stafford, completed 1576-83 for Sir Christopher Hatton I. Probably modified by Henry Thorpe early C17 for Sir Christopher Hatton II and altered 1638-40 after style of Inigo Jones, probably by Nicholas Stone, for Sir Christopher Hatton III. Squared coursed limestone with ashlar dressings and slate roof. Courtyard plan. 2 storeys with attic. Entrance front of 1638-40 is of 13-window range. Centre 3 bays break forward as a 3-storey porch with centre bay taken up as attic storey. Central arch-head opening is flanked by niches. Similar opening at first floor has keyblock and panelled pilasters and gives access to balcony with plain iron balustrade. Flanking window openings have moulded architraves and cornice and pulvinated frieze over. 3 second-floor windows have plain stone surrounds and attic parapet has 2 similar openings with circular stone dial between. Centre 3 bays of each range flanking the porch break forward slightly. All ground floor windows have segmental arch heads and moulded stone and eared architraves, some with leaded casements and iron grilles. First floor window openings are similar with square heads having moulded cornice and pulvinated frieze. End bays have arch-head door openings at first floor with balconies similar to porch. Pediments over have ball finials and supporting volutes with open roundels. Remains of similar pedimented treatment to centre of each range flanking the porch. Ground and first floor of porch are rusticated ashlar and second floor has similar quoins. Moulded frieze and cornice between floors and below parapet. Parapets to porch and flanking ranges have turned balusters. End bays have ashlar stacks with rusticated bases and shafted flues. Attached to the ends of the entrance front are walls which form a forecourt to the house. These have 3 elaborate gateways, that to centre with frosted rustication, broken pediment with cartouche, niches at the sides and a section of balustrading either side beyond. The gates to sides have coping, over the overthrow and side niches, and merlons on top. Garden front to right of entrance front is of 1570s to left and 1580s to right. Irregular 18-window range of mainly 4-, 6- and 8-light stone mullion and transom windows, some with leaded lights, others blocked. One bay to far left has similar first floor balcony to the porch and corresponding end bays of entrance front. Bays 2 to 6 from left are grouped in pairs with lateral stacks between. Gables between stacks have scrolls, volutes and ball finials. Bays 7 and 8 from left are late C17 and break forward to house great staircase. 4 bays from right also break forward with 5-window range between each projection forming a symmetrical elevation. Varying sized gables over bays to right of garden front have scrolls,volutes and obelisks distinctive of work on this elevation completed for Sir Christopher Hatton I. Garden front terminates to far left with pair of large late C16 stone bow windows of 30-lights to ground floor and 20-lights to first floor. 6-light attic windows with stepped heads are set in curved gables, Range to right is now blank forming the south elevation of the Great Hall. Lateral stack and door opening on axis of courtyard with flight of steps. Brick staircase projection to right of Great Hall is of 1630-40 and gave acces to chambers formed over domestic offices, now gone. Elevation to left of main front is remains of irregular 9-window range; bay to far right has similar first floor door opening with balcony as porch and corresponding end bays of main front. Courtyard elevations; rear of entrance front, has datestone 1640 which refers to remodellings. 9-window range with open loggia to ground floor. Centre of first floor has arch head door opening giving access to balcony, broken pediment over with bust by Nicholas Stone. First floor window openings has moulded and eared architraves with alternate bracket triangular and segmental pediments over. Giant ionic reeded and decorated pilasters between bays. Centre 3 bays are taken up to second floor with 2 windows and central dial. Supporting scrolls and balustered parapet over. Opposite elevation is Great Hall and Buttery range. Central 2-storey porch dated 1572 and 1638 has arch-head opening flanked by ionic pilasters. First floor opening with balcony is similar to opposite elevation and is flanked by Corinthian columns and brackets supporting decorated frieze and cornice.Curved gable above is decorated with 7 Corinthian colonettes and strapwork. Three and half bays flanking parch have 16- and 20-light stone mullion and transom windows with giant pilasters between. 6-window ranges to left and right side of courtyard have stone mullion windows with giant pilasters between alternate bays. Moulded cornice and decorated frieze, Gable abutments in the hall range are similar to hall porch. Interior: Great Hall has barrel vaulted ceiling with elaborately carved wind braces and ribs, fragment of similar ceiling to long gallery in west range. C17 panelled gallery in Great Hall. Porch has 2 C17 plaster ceilings.2 staircases have moulded stone handrails. Various moulded stone fireplace surrounds throughout the house. Kirby Hall passed from the Hattons to the Finch Hattons and ceased to be maintained as a residence from the early C19 onwards. Owned by Winchelsea estate in guardianship of HBMCE, Kirby Hall is scheduled as an ancient monument. (Garden is included in the HBMC County Register of Gardens at Grade II*; Buildings of England: Northamptonshire, p,279; Kirby Hall by G,H. Chettle, Country Life, Vol.XX, p.558).

Listing NGR: SP9258492694

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Cherry, B, The Buildings of England: Northamptonshire, (1973)
'Country Life' in Country Life, , Vol. 20, (), 558
Other
Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England, Part 30 Northamptonshire,

National Grid Reference: SP 92584 92694

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2014 at 07:17:04.