List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: MITFORD CASTLE, REMAINS OF INNER WARD AND KEEP

List entry Number: 1370755

Location

MITFORD CASTLE, REMAINS OF INNER WARD AND KEEP

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityMitford

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 20-Oct-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 238931

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

MITFORD MITFORD NZ 1785 10/16 Mitford Castle, remains of inner 20.10.69 ward and keep GV I

Castle ruins. Late C11 earthwork fortress of Bertram family; curtain of inner ward early C12, outer ward and chapel late C12, keep early C13. Squared stone, in places of ashlar quality. Natural hill scarped and ditched to produce motte carrying irregular oval inner ward containing pentagonal keep, with triangular outer ward to south and east and barmkin to north-east.

Inner ward: tall curtain,on stepped plinth, remains on west, with large round arch perhaps to a balcony. Section of wall on east with round arch to outer ward, is largely C19 reconstruction. Keep stands to 1st floor but external facing wholly robbed. Basement divided by axial cross wall into 2 barrel- vaulted chambers; impost band at spring of vault, internal stone spouts (bringing in rainwater; the chambers were probably intended as cisterns), segmental-arched doorway to mural stair. 1st floor has chamfered plinth, and is entered via lobby from external stair. To west of keep footings of possibly earlier 'blockhouse' with splayed arrow loops.

Historical Notes. Described as the "oppidum" of William Bertram in 1138. Seized by Flemish troops of King John in 1215. In 1315 the scene of kidnappings and the holding of prisoners to ransom by Sir Gilbert de Middleton. In 1327 described as "wholly burned"; it is uncertain if it was ever restored.

Archaeologia Aeliana 4th series XIV (1937) 74-94 and XXXIII (1955) 27-34.

Listing NGR: NZ1701785492

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Archaeologia Aeliana - Fourth Series, , Vol. 14, (1937), 74-94
'Archaeologia Aeliana' in Archaeologia Aeliana - Fourth Series, , Vol. 33, (1955), 27-34

National Grid Reference: NZ 17017 85492

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 04:47:16.