List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: WELL HOUSE OXFORD CASTLE

List entry Number: 1369493

Location

WELL HOUSE OXFORD CASTLE, NEW ROAD

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
OxfordshireOxfordDistrict Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 12-Jan-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Feb-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 246003

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HM PRISON OXFORD NEW ROAD SF 5006 SE 7/10014 Well House Oxford Castle GV I Motte to former castle with Well Chamber. Mound, c1071 as the motte of Oxford Castle built for Robert d'Oilly to provide a means for the Normans to control the town and the Upper Thames Valley. Earth. Circular plan. Approximately 80 feet high, base diameter about 250 feet, top diameter about 60 feet. Originally there would have been a wooden keep. Constructed by forced Saxon labour. The Well Chamber. Early C13. Rubble stone. Entrance with 3 stones bearing shield-of- arms thought to be of Fox, Bishop of Winchester, the see of Durham and Newcastle, Bishop of Exeter. A flight of steps leads down about 20 feet into a hexagonal plan chamber with stone vaulted roof supported on chamfered ribs. Oxford Castle was slighted in 1652. In 1776 New Road was built across the northern part of the Bailey and in 1785 the County Justices acquired the site to build a new Oxford Prison which incorporated the only other surviving elements of the castle viz. St. George's Tower (qv), St. George's Chapel Crypt (qv) and the batter from the Round Tower (qv). The castle saw little action apart from during the Anarchy in 1142 when King Stephen besieged the Empress Matilda and it was attacked in the Baron's War of 1215. There had been prison buildings within the bailey since the C12.

Listing NGR: SP5152606221

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 50967 06199

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 01-Aug-2014 at 12:41:10.