List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: WATTLESBOROUGH CASTLE, REMAINS OF, ADJOINING WATTLESBOROUGH TO NORTH WEST

List entry Number: 1366883

Location

WATTLESBOROUGH CASTLE, REMAINS OF, ADJOINING WATTLESBOROUGH TO NORTH WEST

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
ShropshireUnitary AuthorityAlberbury with Cardeston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 29-Jan-1952

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Mar-1986

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 258911

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

SJ 31 SE ALBERBURY WITH - CARDESTON C.P. 5/6 Wattlesborough Castle, 29.1.52 remains of, adjoining Wattlesborough Hall to north-west (formerly listed as Wattlesborough Hall

GV I

Castle, remains of. Probably late C13, for Sir RobertCorbet (d. 1300) with probably C14 or C15, C16,and other later alterations. Dressed red sandstone;wing of roughly squared and coursed Alberbury breccia and red sandstone rubble with dressings and altered mono-pitch corrugated iron roof. Square keep/tower with wing to north-east. Formerly 2 storeys consistng of undercroft and first-floor hall,probably with former external stair to south-east; later storey added within parapet height; one-storey wing. Battered plinth with chamfered top course, chamfered string course; and setback pilaster buttressses; integral lateral stack to south-east with C18 or C19 brick stop stage, latterly used as flue for fireplaces in north-west end of Wattlesborough Hall (qv). North-east-front: remains of former first-floor hall window with 2 chamfered round-arched lights; probably inserted C14 first-floor window consisting of single chamfered ogee-headed light with trefoils in spandrels and returned hoodmould; probably inserted C16 or C17 ground-floor double-chamfered square window with returned hoodmould; fireplace on first floor to left inserted when north-east wing was added, with double chamfer, the outer square-headed and the inner forming a Tudor arch and resting on a corbel to right; later inserted doorway between first floor of tower and wing with segmental brick head and brick infill above; north-west front: first-floor hall window altered in the C14 with a square head, moulded reveals and the remains of tracery for 2 cusped ogee-headed lights (see also straightjoints beneath); former garderobe to left with 2 large cantilevered brackets and raking brackets beneath (now blocked with brick); probably inserted one-light first-floor window with depressed ogee head and chamfered reveals; south-east front: the roof of the adjoining farmhouse mostly obscures the second- floor window with square head, panelled tracery, and hoodmould with circular stops; two small staircase windows in buttress to right; the first-floor hall was probably reached by external steps, to an entrance on this front, now obscured by the house, and there was a separate entrance to the undercroft in this front, also now blocked; south-west front: blocked first-floor hall window consisting of 2 chamfered round-arched lights with transom; rainwater spout to right with small square window below. North-east wing: formerly 2 storeys with gabled roof (see roof line on tower); south east front with central C20 two-light wooden casement, small round-arched window to right, and boarded door to left; chamfered plinth at north-east end and remains of buttress with chamfered offset and gabled top; south-west front rebuilt with corrugated iron cladding. Interior: gutted and roofless; former first-floor hall windows with round rear arches; corbel table and gabled weathering with carved stop for former first-floor hall roof; blocked former undercroft entrance to south-east with chamfered rear arch; probably C16 inserted moulded fireplace to hall; joist holes and remains of beam of later inserted second floor; chamfered Tudor-arched fireplace to former second floor also an insertion; 2 first-floor niches, one round-arched and one ogee-arched; spiral staircase, and wall passage to north-east. Wattlesborough Castle passed to the Leighton family c.1501 and was their chief residence until c.1711. Despite the probably C13 date the tower has the appearance of a small C12 keep. It has been suggested that Sir Robert Corbet might have built the tower as "a conscious anachronism .... to assert his ...., kinship with the families who dominated the area .... from the great castles of Shrewsbury, Ludlow, Clun and Caus" (J.J. West 1981). Earlier authorities state that it is C12. If it is late C13 the tower provides an interesting comparison with Acton Burnell Castle (see Acton Burnell C.P.) which is a fortified manor house of the same date also with a first-floor hall, but here reached by an internal stair. There is an engraving in the adjoining farmhouse (qv) showing a former, probably medieval,wing on its site,some materials from which might have been reused. Old photographs show the tower with a probably C19 pyramidal slate roof and the wing still of 2 storeys with a pitched roof. County AM no.126. V.0. vol. VIII, pp. 197-8; B.O.E., p. 308; The Archaeological Journal, vol. 138, 1981, J. J. West, pp. 33-4; D. F. Renn, Norman Castles in Britain, 1971, p. 341; Shropshire Libraries, photograph collection.

Listing NGR: SJ3550812621

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Renn, D F - Title: Norman Castles in Britain - Date: 1971 - Page References: 341
  2. Article  Reference - Title: Archaeological Journal - Date: 1981 - Journal Title: Archaeological Journal - Volume: 138 - Page References: 33-4
  3. Book  Reference - Author: Page, W - Title: The Victoria History of the County of Shropshire - Date: 1908 - Volume: 8 - Page References: 197-8
  4. Book  Reference - Author: Pevsner, N - Title: The Buildings of England: Shropshire - Date: 1958 - Page References: 308

National Grid Reference: SJ 35508 12621

Map

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Apr-2014 at 08:07:46.