List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: FORT NELSON

List entry Number: 1350616

Location

FORT NELSON

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HampshireWinchesterDistrict AuthorityBoarhunt

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 22-Dec-1971

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 146336

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

SU 60 NW BOARHUNT 13/10 Fort Nelson 22.12.71 I One of a series of forts (Wallington (now demolished), Nelson, Southwick, Widley and Purbrook) along the chalk ridge of Portsdown Hill, built for the defence of Portsmouth against landward attack in the 1860s, and known as Palmerston's Folly. 1862-72. Brick walls of English bond, the outer face of the defensive walls being of flint with horizontal and vertical bands of brickwork and a blind arcade at the upper level. The structure is partly within and above the natural ridge; a polygonal plan with four vertical faces to the deep dry ditch, a fire step, behind the parapet, and two-storeyed caponiers at the three corners (to give raking fire along the ditches). Within this outer framework is an embankment with open gun emplacements at the top, and a pair of Haxo casemates at the south end of the perimeter. Below the central parade ground there are brick-arched passageways, ammunition stores, staircases to the several parts, and behind the caponiers sunken embrasures for mortars. The rear (south) of the fort has a set of barracks surrounding a redan (triangular court), and the south face is a high brick wall, originally protected by the continuous ditch (now filled). There is an entrance on each side of the central pointed projection, once approached by a drawbridge, having the only architectural feature, comprising a bold Norman doorway of stone with recessed orders. The fort contains many interesting details of fortification design, and remains virtually unaltered, except for the making of new vehicular entrances, when the fort became used as a store. The forts were never attacked, and Nelson became neglected, but is being restored as a museum. Ancient monument.

Listing NGR: SP6397414673

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 60696 07203

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 03:20:22.