List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: OAK COTTAGE

List entry Number: 1348450

Location

OAK COTTAGE, 117

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HertfordshireDacorumDistrict AuthorityFlaunden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 21-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1986

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 157642

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

TL 0100 11/115

FLAUNDEN, FLAUNDEN (South side), No.117 (Oak Cottage)

(Formerly listed as No. 22 (Oak Cottage))

21.6.67

GV II*

House. Late C15 open hall house, mid/late C16 E crosswing, early C17 inserted floor in hall, eaves raised and wooden chimney built in E cross-passage. Late C17 hall changed to a kitchen with W end divided for service rooms and crosswing divided with separate fireplaces into rebuilt chimney in old cross-passage, in C18 part of W room became a parlour with large external chimney at W ('1747' cut in brick), hipped front of crosswing created by cutting back jetty and gable over and house roughcast, in C19 house subdivided, early C20 roughcast removed and planks added to simulate in the front of the crosswing the timbers marking the raising of the eaves of the hall. Later C20 SW rear wing and conversion to one house. Timber frame exposed with roughcast infill. Close studding to ground floor of E crosswing and some red brick infill to rest of front. Steep old red tiled roof, hipped with gablet at W, hipped at E. Large internal chimney at junction of wings a third from E end. A tall 2-storeys L-plan house facing N, set back from road, with later low SW rear gabled extension. Central chimney lobby-entry plan results from conversion of open hall and storeyed crosswing by inserting floor in hall and chimney in cross-passage. 3 windows N front. Flush leaded casement windows. Door into lobby by chimney. Wide panel timber framing to hall range with wide timbers and original curved tension braces at NW corner, others probably renewed. Short close-spaced vertical studs above old wallplate indicate raising of eaves. C18 fire insurance plate, 'PROTECTOR' with a scene of firefighting. Exposed frame of W gable has large panels, 2 collars, and massive corner post with tension brace. Interior has timber frame exposed. Former open hall 30ft x 19½ft roofed in 2 bays and separate narrow bay for cross-passage. Open truss has continuous hollow chamfers to posts, heavy curved braces, and cambered tie-beams. 2 butt purlins and curved wind braces. Unusually rich effect from moulded wallplate and other principal members. Queen struts moulded with knee-braces to cambered collar and sunk spandrels. Smoke blackened rafters but no evidence for louvre to ridge. There possibly were screens to the entry doors since the truss at E end of hall is moulded only on W side but wallplates and mid height rail extend for width of cross-passage before wall of later E crosswing. RCHM (Typescript) suggests this was originally a long house with detached kitchen and service rooms but a byre for cattle on the site of the later E crosswing. Of this house it has been said that 'It probably has the finest moulded beams of any domestic building in Hertfordshire' (Medieval Archaeology XIII(1969)275). 2-bays E crosswing has clasped-purlin roof, chamfered jowled posts, cambered tie-beams, wattle and daub partition, and both squint-butted and straight-butted scarf joints. (Pevsner(1977)143: RCHM Typescript).

Listing NGR: TL0161600839

Selected Sources

  1. Article  Reference - Title: Medieval Archaeology - Date: 1969 - Journal Title: Medieval Archaeology - Volume: 13 - Page References: 275
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Pevsner, N and Cherry, B - Title: The Buildings of England: Hertfordshire - Date: 1977 - Page References: 143

National Grid Reference: TL 01619 00840

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 20-Aug-2014 at 07:50:10.