List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: MOLENICK FARMHOUSE

List entry Number: 1329177

Location

MOLENICK FARMHOUSE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
CornwallUnitary AuthoritySt. Germans

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 21-Jul-1951

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 62065

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

ST GERMANS SX 36 SW 2/70 Molenick Farmhouse 21.7.51 GV I

Farmhouse. Early C16, with additions probably of later C16, and C17, with plasterwork dated 1652. Remodelled in the early C18, with C19 and some alterations. Slatestone rubble, slate roof with crested ridge tiles and gable end to left; hipped to right. Gable end stack to left end and rear lateral hall stack, with brick shafts. Rear rendered and lined out. Plan: 3-room and through passage plan. The lower end room to left heated by a gable end stack, with chamber above. The open hall was probably originally heated by the fireplace in the rear lateral stack and not by an open hearth. The rear of the house may originally have been the front; there is what may have been a 2-storey porch to the rear of the passage. In the later C16, a wing was built, of one-room plan, to the front of the inner room to right; this was also originally open to the roof, with smoke-blackened trusses surviving. In the later C17, a rear wing of one-room plan was added to the rear of the inner room; this was heated by a stack to the outer right side, with plaster shield of arms dated 1652, which appears to be in situ. Probably in circa 1700 - early C18, the hall was floored, with 2 windows in the front a ground floor and a gable built over, for 2 windows, and a fireplace, with stack rising from the apex of the gable. At this time a straight stair was inserted to the rear right of the passage. The site of the original stair is uncertain. In the mid C19, the original inner room was largerly rebuilt, with a straight stair dividing to right and left, to give access to the upper floors of the front and rear wings, with a passage at ground floor leading to the rear wing. One jamb survives of the original ground floor doorway to the front wing; this re-modelling also took up part of the hall at this end, with a stud partition wall inserted. Probably also at this time, a shallow rear addition was made behind the hall stack; this is now inaccessible. Also at the this time in the C19, the rear wing was enlarged, new windows inserted, and a small porch added to the front door. In the C20, the doorway to the storied porch was replaced by a window, and the ground floor of the porch used as a room. Few other alterations. Exterior: 2 storeys, with lower end to left and hall to right of passage doorway. The lower end has a 16-pane sash at first floor, with cambered brick head. The door to the passage is C19, with cambered brick head and flat hood on wooden piers, with dentils. Above the doorway is an early C18 sash, of 16 panes, with cambered brick head, the glazing bars flat-faced outside and ovolo-moulded inside. To right, the hall has 2 similar early C18 12-pane sashes at ground floor, with cambered brick heads. At first floor, a large gable, with brick stack at apex, and 2 C19 6-pane sashes with cambered brick heads. To right and projecting to the front, the parlour wing, of 2 storeys; at ground floor this has C20 casement, and first floor C19 16-pane sash. Attached to the right gable end of the parlour wing is a lower C19 2- storey range of outhouses, with 2 doors and 2 windows at ground floor, with brick segmental heads, all 2-light casements; at first floor a blocked window, two 2-light casements. To end right an external stair to a loft door. All openings have brick segmental heads and surrounds. The left gable end has painted rubble wall. At the right side, the roof slope has been rebuilt over the original inner room; the central range has a covered way at ground floor, with scantle slate pitched roof on wooden piers; plain door with blocked window. To the right, the later C17 wing has external stack, and is rendered and lined out, with a C19 6-pane sash at first floor. There is a C19 16-pane sash at first floor on the central range, lighting the stair. To the left, the C16 front wing is built out beyond the line of the main building, with hipped roof; door and 2-light casement at ground floor, with loft door above. There is a C19 2-storey addition to the outer side of the wing, rendered and lined out, with 2 doors, 16-pane sash and 2 plate-glass sashes at first floor. To end left, the C19 outhouse has door; this side is built into the bank. The rear of the house has a 2-storey porch with hipped roof, with C20 casement at ground floor, C19 16-pane sash at first floor. Lower end to right has ground floor C20 12-pane light. The rear lateral stack to the hall rises from the roof slope with brick shaft; there is a 2-storey addition, probably of C18, built between the porch and the wing to left; this conceals the stack at ground floor; there is a door and 9-pane light at first floor to right. The 2-storey wing projects to left; at inner side there is a C20 window at ground floor, C19 18-pane sash at first floor. Rear of the wing also has C20 window at ground floor and 18-pane sash at first floor. Interior: This house has features of outstanding quality, particularly the roof over the hall. The passage is wide, with a stone floor. To rear right, early C18 straight stair, boxed in; at first floor this retains turned balusters. There is a 2-centred arched chamfered granite doorway to the lower end, with cushion stops and carving over the head; semi-circular granite step down into the room. Lower end room has slate floor, 2 heavy chamfered cross beams; recessed in party wall to passage. Fireplace with granite jambs and cambered lintel, oven to left with cast iron door and pot jack; copper to left of fireplace and hooks in ceiling. To the right of the passage, the screen to the hall has been plastered over, but the original screen may survive; at first floor level it is exposed, a plain plank and muntin screen. In the hall, the rear lateral fireplace has granite 2-centred arch, roll- moulded, with recessed spandrels and cushion stops. Along the front wall is a later C17 bench with scalloped edge and end. To the right, there is a C19 passage leading to the rear wing; this room was substantially remodelled in the C19, with shutters to windows, but retains a plaster shield of arms, with scrollwork and helm, with arm grasping a tree trunk with roots; painted and dated 1652. The arms are of Scawen, Molenick, Moyle of Bake and Dandy of Lanreath. The doorway to the front wing retains one jamb of the late C16 doorway, with convex and concave mouldings and scroll stop. C19 stair in the former inner room. At first floor, the chamber over the hall retains the complete roof structure from the original building. There are 5 bays, with a decorative string across the gable ends. Arched braces, with cambered collars, with carved pendants below the collars, 2 rows of threaded purlins and wall plate, with diagonal ridge purlin. All the members are carved with leaves, wheatear and geometric designs, each one different. There is a doorway to the landing over the passage, and the foot of the principal remains behind the door. This roof is an extremely rare survival, and is of exceptionally high quality. On the landing, there is an early C18 2-panelled door to the room over the lower end, and a similar door to the chamber over the porch. Roof over the lower end. There is a solid wall to the left of the passage, rising to the apex; there is a chamfered doorway to the chamber over the lower end. One truss remains over the passage, with notched lap-jointed collar, the collar removed, curved foot to the principals. The roof was rebuilt over the lower end, in C18 or C19. Roof over the upper end. This is in 3 sections, with the roof over the front wing, roof over the original inner room and roof over the rear wing. The front wing has roof trusses with chamfered principal rafters and cambered collars, also chamfered with ogee stops; dovetailed lap joints and trenched purlins. The trusses over the front wing appear to be smoke-blackened. C17 roof remaining over the rear wing, with halved principals, notched and slightly cambered collars, mortised apex to the principals and trenched purlins. The later trusses have halved and pegged principals. Molenick Farmhouse is unusual, in having as well as an open hall, a later wing which was also originally heated from an open hearth. It must have retained the open hall until the early C18, and the features from this phase are also interesting. This is one of the finest farmhouses in Cornwall.

Listing NGR: SX3348461183

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SX 33484 61183

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2014 at 11:51:17.