List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: TOWER BELONGING TO CHURCH OF ST MARY THE VIRGIN

List entry Number: 1311714

Location

TOWER BELONGING TO CHURCH OF ST MARY THE VIRGIN, CHURCH WALK

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Central BedfordshireUnitary AuthorityMarston Moretaine

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 23-Jan-1961

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 38350

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

MARSTON MORETAINE

1812/3/53 CHURCH WALK 23-JAN-61 TOWER BELONGING TO CHURCH OF ST MARY T HE VIRGIN

GV I Church tower; first two stages early medieval, the third stage C14; built of coursed rubble with ashlar dressings, mostly limestone, with areas of ironstone to upper stage.

PLAN: The tower is square in plan and three stages high, with diagonally set buttresses to each corner; a staircase is set within the north-west angle.

EXTERIOR: In the first stage the lowest courses of stonework contain a considerable quantity of ironstone, with narrower courses of limestone up to about 1m high. Above this the stonework is homogeneous to the third stage. The first and second stages have small narrow lights to each side; those to the second stage have vestigial triangular architraves with imposts. The south side second stage has a large pointed arched opening. The third, belfry stage has two light pointed arched windows. The staircase is lit by narrow lights to the north elevation. The entrance at the ground stage is through a pointed arched door in the west elevation. The top of the tower is crenellated.

INTERIOR: Lower stage walls are approximately 2m thick. The ceiling of the first stage is vaulted, and contains a square boarded aperture through which hang the five bell ropes. There are relieving arches over the narrow lights, and the entrance to the stairs is through a pointed arch in the north-west corner.

HISTORY: The church tower is approximately 20m to the north of parish church. The predominance of ironstone in the fabric of the final stage, and its two light pointed arched windows suggest that it is contemporary with the C14 chancel, the earlier part of the church. However, the lower two stages are clearly older. The final stage is the belfry, and contains five bells cast in 1610 by Hugh Watts of Leicester. The tower was repaired in 1796, the event commemorated by a plaque inside the first stage on which the names of the churchwardens and the plumber responsible for leading the roof are inscribed. The tower was restored again in the 1930s under the direction of Sir Albert Richardson of Ampthill.

SOURCES: Kempton, J, The Church of St Mary the Virgin, Marston Morteyne, Guide Book (2004) Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England. Bedfordshire and the County of Huntingdon and Peterborough (1968)

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION: The detached tower of the Church of St Mary the Virgin is designated at Grade I for the following principal reasons: * It is of exceptional architectural and historical interest as an early medieval and C14 structure the fabric of which survives substantially intact. * It has group value with the church, listed Grade I, and with other surviving elements of medieval Marston Mortaine, including the Grade II* listed Moreteyne Manor and the scheduled moat and medieval settlement earthworks.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SP 99621 41183

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2014 at 05:20:20.