List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: TOWN FORTIFICATIONS INCLUDING THE BELL TOWER

List entry Number: 1290222

Location

TOWN FORTIFICATIONS INCLUDING THE BELL TOWER

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityBerwick-upon-Tweed

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 26-May-1971

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 237250

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

1. 840 Town Fortifications including the Bell Tower NU 0052 7/26O 11/260 11/262 NU 0053 8/259 11/259 NT 9952 9/256 11/256 9/257 11/257 NT 9953 10/134 10/258 11/258 I 2. One of the best examples in Europe of a fortified town. Medieval walls were begun by Edward I and surrounded the town, with the Castle at their North West corner. Their course is traceable, and fragments remain in the Bell Tower (base) and walling on the North side. The Elizabethan fortifications are unique in Britain, begun circa 1555 and built to the latest Italian designs. In the 1760's the medieval walls were rebuilt with gun batteries, and Coxon's Tower was rebuilt. The gates include Scotsgate (altered 1815 and 1858), Cowport (probably 1590's with C18 timber doors), Ness Gate (1816), Shore Gate (1760's with original timber doors). Scheduled AM.

Listing NGR: NU0022152855

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NU 00221 52855

Map

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Apr-2014 at 02:10:08.