List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: PROPYLAEA

List entry Number: 1271822

Location

PROPYLAEA, CASTLE SQUARE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire West and ChesterUnitary AuthorityChester Castle

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 01-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 26-Feb-1985

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 452901

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

SJ 4065 NW CHESTER CASTLE CASTLE SQUARE

4/602 Propylaea (formerly listed as Grand 1.6.67 Entrance, or Propylaea with retaining walls and railings of forecourt)

GV I

Propylaea. 1811-1813. By Thomas Harrison of Chester. Ashlar Manley sandstone with lead roof. Central gateway with colonnades to either side connecting with pavilions. West front: Central gateway of tetrastyle amphiprostyle form with 2 rows of Greek Doric columns which are monolithic and fluted to their upper bodies but merely faceted below. Standing on abaci they have wider intercolum- nation to the centre. Doric entablature above with metopes guttae and mutules continuing around gateway. Panelled attic storey above with raised tablet to centre. To rear dividing wall are a central gateway of full height with lower pedestrian gateways to either side and sunken panels with moulded surrounds over these. To either side are blank walls with mouldings to tops connecting the gateway to the side pavilions which each have two fluted Greek Doric columns to the centre and antae to the corners. Doric entablature above continuing around each pavilion. Pediment with blank tympanum over. Each has a wider opening between the central columns. East front: Central distyle gateway with antae to sides all being monolithic and the central columns fluted to their upper bodies and faceted below. Panelled attic and raised tablet as on west front. Dividing wall has gateways and panels as on west front. One-bay colonnades to either side supported by antae. Portico wings to either side each of tetrastyle form with second phalanx of columns distyle in antis behind, all monolithic. Wider intercolumnation to centre. Entablature over supporting pediment with blank tympanum. The Gateway colonnades and wings all have stone coved ceilings. There are rectangular pedestals to apex and lower angles of pediments. J Mordaunt Crook says of the building in his book The Greek Revival that it combines "direct antique inspiration - the Temple of Philip at Delos and the so-called Temple of Augustus at Athens - with the primal simplicity of the Sublime and the variety of light and shade associated with the Picturesque".

Sources: Frank Simpson - "Chester Castle AD 907-1925". Journal of the Architectural, Archaeological and Historic Society, Chester and North Wales. New Series Vol XXVI Part II.

Nikolaus Pevsner and - The Buildings of England : Cheshire. Edward Hubbard J Mordaunt Crook - "The Architecture of Thomas Harrison" Country Life, April 22, 1971.

Moira A R Ockrim - "Thomas Harrison and the Rebuilding of Chester Castle: A History and Reassessment". Journal of the Chester Archaeological Society, Vol 66, 1983.

Listing NGR: SJ4040365841

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Mordaunt Crook, J - Title: The Greek Revival
  2. Article  Reference - Title: The Architectural Archaeological and Historic Society - Journal Title: Journal of the Architectural Archaeological and Historic Society Chester and NWA - Volume: 26
  3. Article  Reference - Title: Journal of the Chester Archeaological Society - Date: 1983 - Journal Title: Journal of the Chester Archeaological Society - Volume: 66
  4. Article  Reference - Title: 22 April - Date: 1971 - Journal Title: Country Life

National Grid Reference: SJ 40403 65841

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 29-Jul-2014 at 07:40:12.