List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: APPRENTICE HOUSE OF FORMER DITHERINGTON FLAX MILL

List entry Number: 1254855

Location

APPRENTICE HOUSE OF FORMER DITHERINGTON FLAX MILL, SPRING GARDENS

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
ShropshireUnitary AuthorityShrewsbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 10-Sep-1987

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Nov-1995

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 458195

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

SHREWSBURY

653-1/4/749 SPRING GARDENS 09-JUN-03 DITHERINGTON (West side) APPRENTICE HOUSE OF FORMER DITHERINGTO N FLAX MILL (Formerly listed as: SPRING GARDENS DITHERINGTON SHROPSHIRE MALTINGS, OFFICES APPROXIMA TELY 10 METRES NORTH OF MAIN BLOCK AND MALTHOUSE)

GV II*

SHREWSBURY

Former apprentice house for flax mill, subsequently offices, now disused. c1812. Brick with Welsh slate roof. 3 storeys and basement, rectangular plan with corridor on long axis. Principal elevation in east facing gable. 3-window range with central panelled door with overlight in architrave with open pediment. Mullioned and transomed window each side, with stone sill and segmentally-arched head. 3 similar windows on first floor, and sash windows to third storey. Shallow pedimented gable. HISTORY: The Apprentice House building was an early and significant component of the Flax Mill site established by Marshall, Benyon and Bage 1796-7, later converted to use as superintendents' housing by c1850. Main Mill, part of the core complex to the west of the Apprentice House, is the earliest iron-framed building in the world. Cross Mill, which faces the Apprentice House is now the eighth oldest iron framed building. It was originally the hackling or flax dressing block for the flax mill, and of conventional timber-floored construction until severely damaged by a fire. It was radically altered and assumed its present form as a fireproof building following reconstruction in 1811. It formed part of the conversion to maltings in 1897-98. The Warehouse is the third oldest iron-framed, fire proof building in the world, and the second oldest component on the site. Purpose-built as a flax mill, Ditherington is also notable as marking a transition to the factory production of flax. After its closure as a flax mill in 1886, the site was acquired by William Jones and converted into a maltings in 1897-98, closing in 1986.

Forms a group with the Flax Mill (q.v.) the Dye House and Stove House (q.v.), the Stables (q.v.) and the Smithy (q.v.)

The Ditherington Flax Mill complex, of which the Apprentice House was an early and significant component, contains the worlds earliest iron framed building, an advance in constructional technology which made possible not only the development of multi-storeyed, fire proof industrial buildings, but, more significantly, changed forever the way buildings were designed and constructed. That this advance was expressed first in a textile factory has led to the now-iconic status of the building type as the most potent symbol of the Industrial Revolution. The closely related subsequent additions of the Warehouse and the Cross Mill components, sequentially the third and eighth oldest iron-framed buildings endows the Ditherington Flax mill site with a unique architectural and historic significance.

Macleod M, Trinder B, Worthington M: Ditherington Flax Mill, Shrewsbury: Ironbridge: 1988-).



Listing NGR: SJ4989013893

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Macleod, M, Trinder, B, Worthington, M, Ditherington Flax Mill, (1988)

National Grid Reference: SJ 49890 13893

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2014 at 05:12:56.