List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: VARIOUS WORKSHOP BUILDINGS ATTACHED TO EAST SIDE OF FRONT BLOCK AT JACKFIELD TILE MUSEUM

List entry Number: 1254402

Location

VARIOUS WORKSHOP BUILDINGS ATTACHED TO EAST SIDE OF FRONT BLOCK AT JACKFIELD TILE MUSEUM

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
ShropshireUnitary AuthorityBroseley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 26-May-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 437801

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

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Reasons for Designation

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History

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Details

The following buildings shall be added to the list:-

SJ 60 SE BROSELEY JACKFIELD

9/10003 Various workshop buildings attached to east side of front block at Jackfield Tile Museum

GV II*

Specific and combined-purpose workshop buildings. c1874 with various alterations and additions. Laid out by Charles Lynam for the Craven Dunnill Tile Company. Plum coloured brick with red brick dressings; tiled and corrugated sheet roofs. Adjoining east side of front block is a 2 storey, 20-bay range under 2 roof levels - this housed the Tile Press Shop with mould makers and pattern makers shops over; also the drying room and decoration workshops. To south side of this is the Kiln House of 1 storey but with raised roof; essentially of 3:1 cells each formerly housing a kiln, the single cell broader and with lower roof. To east end of the Tile Press Shop is a 1-storey, 8:2 bay clay- storage building known as the Clay Arks. Attached to south side of the Clay Arks by a wooden bridge is the Blunging House of 3 storeys and 4 bays with additions to rear and each side. Described in order of industrial process: Blunging House: doorways to bay 1 on ground floor and to bays 1 and 3 on 1st floor; large opening to bay 3 on ground floor; segmentally-arched window openings, some with remains of wooden casements. Cogged eaves. Interior: white-tiled walls; open- tread staircases. The 1st floor doorways are now bricked up - a surviving wooden bridge links to the roof of the Clay Arks. Outbuilding to left houses Lancashire boiler. Clay Arks 10 doorways to south side each have chamfered jambs and segmental arches; cast-iron, tie-rod plates. Later addition to east end. Cogged eaves to partially-stripped roof with wooden ridge vents and remains of 2 boarded penthouses through which the clay was barrowed into the left space via wooden bridges linked to the Blunging House. Rear (facing road): heavily buttressed; blind windows. Interior: each door leads to a triangular lobby off which are 2 doors into clay storage bins known as Arks - each has flying buttressing and boarded ceiling with hatch. Tile Press Shop et al: west end of south side obscured by Kiln House. Taller east end with segmentally-arched doorways and windows; chamfered brick sills to later casements; cogged eaves. Rear (facing road); moulded brick sills to various casements (some iron casements with glazing bars). Various ridge stacks and wooden ridge vents. CRAVEN DUNNILL & CO LTD/JACKFIELD ENCAUSTIC & DECORATIVE TILE WORKS painted in bold white letters on lower wall. Kiln House: each cell originally with central door flanked by windows beneath segmental arches; the central cell now with large opening inserted on left of former window and with stump of later external chimney. Upper wall of later date. Broader cell at east end has full-height opening flanked by pairs of segmentally-arched windows (bricked-up). Interior: circular foundations of 2 downdraught kilns inserted c1890. Partition walls not heightened.

An important group of industrial buildings which, in their planned layout, help describe the processes involved in C19 tile manufacture. Firstly the liquidation, filtration and drying of powdered clay then its storage in various arks depending on colour. Then pressing, inlay and decorations of the tiles coupled with the biscuit firing which required 3 kilns to maintain continuous production. Finally the glost kiln firing of shorter duration and thus requiring a single large kiln. Best surviving example of the major tile works of this period. Tiles produced here were used by Alfred Waterhouse for Manchester Town Hall. Also used in ecclesiastic buildings (Chester Cathedral), public buildings and public houses of which the Crown Hotel, Belfast (National Trust) is the most opulent example.

Listing NGR: SJ6869202948

Selected Sources

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National Grid Reference: SJ 68692 02948

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 10:29:01.