List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: GATEWAY AND GUARD HOUSE, BERWICK BARRACKS MUSEUM

List entry Number: 1244721

Location

GATEWAY AND GUARD HOUSE, BERWICK BARRACKS MUSEUM, PARADE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityBerwick-upon-Tweed

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 26-May-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Feb-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 472881

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

NUO053 BERWICK ON TWEED PARADE (South side) 622/11/10006 Gateway and guard house, Berwick Barracks Museum 26.05.1971

GV I

Barracks entrance gateway, guard house and offices now museum and mess. 1719-21, probably by Nicholas Hawksmoor, for the Board of Ordnance. Sandstone ashlar with ashlar left-hand lateral and single right-hand ridge stacks, and hipped slate roof. Vernacular Baroque style. Single-depth plinth blocks flank central gateway. EXTERIOR: single storey; 3-section range. The street front has heavy pilaster strips either side of a semi-circular archway with key and impost blocks, wrought-iron double gates, and a raised parapet above containing a gilded and painted coat of arms cartouche of George I; right-hand former guard house has 3 small flat-arched windows under the eaves, and the mess to the left has a parapet, stepped down to the left, with a single segmental-arched plate-glass sash. The parade ground elevation is similar with raised parapet to tl1e gateway, 6-window guard house with a mid C19 cast-iron glazed verandah, and 5-bay mess with 8/8-pane sashes and central inserted C20 half-glazed door. Closes the N end of the parade ground. INTERIOR: without special features. HISTORY: part of the earliest planned barrack complex in England, pre-dating most other English barracks by nearly 80 years, because of the need for a permanent garrison on the Scottish border. One of a number of Ordnance buildings at this time associated with Hawksmoor and Vanbrugh. (MacIvor I: The Fortifications of Berwick on Tweed: London: 1972-: 8, 29; Barker N in Chaney and Bold (eds): English Architecture Public and Private: London: 1993-: 199-230; Map of Berwick-on-Tweed: 1788-: PRO, WO78/1172).



Listing NGR: NU0009053115

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: MacIvor, I - Title: The Fortifications of Berwick upon Tweed - Date: 1972 - Page References: 199-230
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Bold and Chaney - Title: English Architecture Public and Private Essays for Kerry Downes - Date: 1993

National Grid Reference: NU 00090 53115

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 02-Sep-2014 at 05:18:28.