List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE FRENCH HORN INN

List entry Number: 1237669

Location

THE FRENCH HORN INN, 56, HIGH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HertfordshireEast HertfordshireDistrict AuthorityWare

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 08-May-1950

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 412346

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

WARE TOWN

TL3514SE HIGH STREET 829-1/9/109 (North side) 08/05/50 No.56 The French Horn Inn

GV II*

Former inn range, now retracted, with present public house accessible from Church Street, and commercial ground floor with living accommodation over High Street buildings. C16 and C17, High Street range set back and refronted c1849, with later alterations. Timber-framed, front range encased in brick and part stuccoed over, rear range stucco first floor, underbuilt in brick. Old tiled roofs, concealed by tall parapet on front range. EXTERIOR: front range 2 storeys and attics. First floor colourwashed brick, stucco parapet above, stucco ground floor. First floor west elevation 3 mid C19 triple-light, plate glazed sash windows in reveal below flat arches, one similar to south elevation. Moulded cornice below windows. Ground floor has 2 inserted mid C20 shopfronts with plate glass display windows facing west, one facing south. North elevation C17, 2 storeys and attics, stucco-faced, with 2 sash windows with glazing bars on ground floor and first floors, one casement on first floor. North face of roof has box casement dormer to attic. Public house currently occupies north-east range. C17, timber-framed, stucco-faced, old tiled roof. 2 storeys, first floor with 2 flush set sash windows with glazing bars, two C20 3-light sash windows on yellow brick underbuilt ground floor, and C20 closed brick porch with gabled old tiled roof. Single storey range of former stables runs north towards detached coach house, listed separately (qv). INTERIOR: the principle internal feature is a mid C17 newel staircase constructed within the northern part of the south range to serve the new block of taller rooms, and those in the older parts of the south range, reached from the half-landings (RCHM). The staircase is of open-well plan. The newels have heavily moulded finials and pierced pendants. The staircase is of closed string construction with moulded strings. The handrails are heavily moulded, and each flight and landing has carved, pierced panels featuring geometrical motifs. HISTORICAL NOTE: the French Horn is one of the most historic inn sites in Ware, but subsequent division into several properties and partial demolition, and later remodelling makes the plan difficult to interpret. The ground floor projected further southwards into High Street, and was jettied on both the High Street and Church Street frontages, with a dragon post on the corner. The adjoining buildings to the east, Nos 54 and 54b (qv) appear to have formed part of the premises, which had multiple gables, facing south and west. The inn was refurbished early to mid C17, and extended on the north, and the present north front, facing the former inn yard, dates from that period. The approach to the inn yard was from Church Street, known earlier as French Horn Lane, with a long range of outbuildings along its frontage, demolished early C20. There was also a narrow yard to the east, approached beneath No.54b. Although greatly reduced in size, The French Horn is the only major historic inn site in Ware which retains its original use and name. Listed as Grade II* for the exceptional quality of the staircase. (Edwards E and Perman D: Ware's Past In Pictures: Ware: 1991-: 10, 11, 135; Hunt EM: The History of Ware: Hertford: 1986-1946: 105-106; Smith JT: English Houses 1200-1800. The Hertfordshire Evidence: London: 1992-: 172, 173; Smith JT: Hertfordshire Houses. Selective Inventory: London: 1993-: 198; Ware 25" to 1 Mile. Surveyed by the Ordnance Survey Department: 1851-; Forrester H: Timber Framed Buildings in Hertford and Ware: Hitchin: 1964-: 39-40; Branch Johnson W: Hertfordshire Inns: Letchworth: 1962-: 98; Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society: Hunt EM: The French Horn: 1945-1949: 138-9; Moodey GE: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter: 1, 4: Hertford: 1949-1954).

Listing NGR: TL3584814337

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Edwards and Perman - Title: Wares Past in Pictures - Date: 1991 - Page References: 135
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Edwards and Perman - Title: Wares Past in Pictures - Date: 1991 - Page References: 10
  3. Book  Reference - Author: Edwards and Perman - Title: Wares Past in Pictures - Date: 1991 - Page References: 11
  4. Book  Reference - Author: Hunt, E M - Title: The History of Ware 1986-1946 - Date: 1986 - Page References: 105-106
  5. Book  Reference - Author: Forrester, H - Title: Timber Framed Buildings in Hertford and Ware - Date: 1964 - Page References: 39-40
  6. Book  Reference - Author: Smith, J T - Title: English Houses 1200-1800 The Hertfordshire Evidence - Date: 1992 - Page References: 172-173
  7. Book  Reference - Author: Smith, J T - Title: Hertfordshire Houses Selective Inventory - Date: 1993 - Page References: 198
  8. Book  Reference - Author: Branch Johnson, W - Title: Hertfordshire Inns A handbook of Old Hertfordshire Inns and Beer Houses - Date: 1962 - Page References: 98
  9. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society - Date: 1945 - Journal Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
  10. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society - Date: 1946 - Journal Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
  11. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society - Date: 1947 - Journal Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
  12. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society - Date: 1948 - Journal Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
  13. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1949 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter
  14. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society - Date: 1949 - Journal Title: Transactions of the East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society
  15. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1950 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter
  16. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1951 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter
  17. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1952 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter
  18. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1953 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter
  19. Article  Reference - Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter - Date: 1954 - Journal Title: East Hertfordshire Archaeological Society Newsletter

National Grid Reference: TL 35848 14337

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Aug-2014 at 06:33:01.