List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: PORTCHESTER CASTLE

List entry Number: 1229190

Location

PORTCHESTER CASTLE, CASTLE STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HampshireFarehamDistrict Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 18-Oct-1955

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 141469

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

CASTLE STREET 1. 5231 (South End) Portchester Portchester Castle SU 6204 11/203 18.10.55.

I GV

2. A Scheduled A.M, in the care of the Department of the Environment. The main walls are those of the Roman fort Portus Adurni built in the late C3 or early C4. They form a square 200 yds wide and enclose between 8 and 9 acres. They are of flints with bonding courses of brick or stone, but have been substantially repaired in the mediaeval period. Originally there were hollow semi-circular bastions in the angles and 4 on each side. Of these 20 bastions, 14 survive. The entrances were in the centre of the west and east sides, but the gateways now standing are both mediaeval. Of the west or land gate, the lower storey is C12, ashlar, with a 3-centred archway and originally stone vaulting to the roof but this has mostly fallen away. The upper portion is C14, stone rubble, and has 1 window containing 2 tiers of 3 lights on the inner side and 2 corbel heads above the cornice. The east or watergate is a shell divided into 2 sections with an archway between. It is faced with ashlar. The outer portion is C14 and has a portcullis groove to the archway. The inner portion is older and has a circular turret staircase in the south west corner. In the north west corner of the Roman fort a mediaeval castle was built in the reign of Henry II with a massive keep in the angle of the Roman walls, which were cut away by a surrounding wall on the east and south sides forming an inner bailey with a projecting tower in the south east corner and a gateway in the south wall with a moat to the south and east filled with water at high tide by a sluice in the Roman wall. The keep, which projects beyond the Roman walls, is intact. It is 40 ft square and the walls are 8 ft thick. The 3 original storeys were built about 1160 and the 4th storey added in the early C13. The remaining buildings are now ruined. Those along the west and south walls of the inner bailey and Assheton's Tower in the north west corner were erected in the C14 and those to the south of the latter along the west wall in the C17. Photographs in the N.M.R. and article in Country Life, Volume 75. Portchester Castle forms a group with St Mary's Church, the Churchyard walls, the lamp in the Churchyard and the lychgate.

Listing NGR: SU6222404655

Selected Sources

  1. Article  Reference - Title: Country Life - Journal Title: Country Life - Volume: 75

National Grid Reference: SU 62411 04667

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 26-Jul-2014 at 08:16:47.