List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: TITHE BARN

List entry Number: 1218932

Location

TITHE BARN, WEST WALLS

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
CumbriaCarlisleDistrict Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 01-Jun-1949

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 386917

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

CARLISLE

NY3955NE WEST WALLS 671-1/10/315 (East side) 01/06/49 Tithe Barn

GV I

Tithe barn for the Priory of St Mary. For Prior Gondibour c1470s, with C19 alterations and 1969-71 restoration. Squared blocks of red sandstone (some with masons marks). Graduated sandstone flag roof with one coped gable. 7 1/2 bays, single storey except for the last, westernmost, bay which is now 2-storey. The north side was probably open originally, and consisted of large timber posts supporting the roof trusses. A small section of the later sandstone infill has survived. The south elevation fronting onto Heads Lane is a 3ft 7ins thick sandstone wall with 8 slit vents with wide splayed reveals on the inside. In 1824 the two eastern bays of the barn were converted for use as the Carlisle Dispensary and a doorway and window were inserted in this wall. These openings were blocked in red sandstone during the C20 restoration. The eastern gable wall has a high 2-light cusped-headed window and a blocked C19 window beneath. In 1875 the west bay and gable were in danger of collapse and were dismantled. This part of the Tithe Barn has now been reconstructed in painted concrete blocks, into 2 storeys containing kitchen and cloakrooms. INTERIOR retains its massive oak roof trusses which are supported on timber posts. The posts on the south side are built against the sandstone wall and are supported by sandstone corbels which are about one third of the way up the wall. There are large concave braces from these posts to the underside of the tie-beams. In addition on the north side there are similar braces from the posts to the wall plate. Only 6 of the 7 trusses survive and these have king posts with 2 parallel struts to each side from the tie to the principal rafter. Also parallel to the struts are braces from the king post to the rafter. Some of the king posts still retain concave braces from the post to the ridge piece. 3 rows of purlins. For history see CR Davey CWAAS Trans.,NS LXXII. (Cumb. & West. Antiquarian & Archaeological Soc., New Series: Davey CR: LXXII: The Carlisle Tithe Barn: P.74-84).

Listing NGR: NY3996355792

Selected Sources

  1. Article  Reference - Title: Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society - Journal Title: Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society - Volume: 72 - Page References: 74-84

National Grid Reference: NY 39970 55796

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 28-Jul-2014 at 05:30:11.