List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE GREAT GATEHOUSE

List entry Number: 1202132

Location

THE GREAT GATEHOUSE, COLLEGE GREEN

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
City of BristolUnitary Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 04-Mar-1977

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 379315

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BRISTOL

ST5872NW COLLEGE GREEN 901-1/15/73 (South side) 04/03/77 The Great Gatehouse

GV I

Gatehouse. C12 archway built for Augustinian abbey founded 1140, included in late C15 gatehouse, restored and extended mid C19 by J Pearson. Limestone ashlar with exterior stacks and a lead roof. Single-depth plan. Norman style gateways, Perpendicular Gothic style gatehouse and tower. 3 storeys; 3-window range. A central gatehouse has a finely carved semicircular-arched C12 gateway, with twisted columns to an arch with beaded chevrons, and an architrave with Celtic-style interlacing. The S side has 3 orders with cushion capitals. C19 buttresses, C15 inscribed cornice, and rosettes to the spandrels, beneath a 2-storey canted oriel with 4-light mullion and transom windows, raised flowers to the panels beneath, and flanking 2-storey statue niches with canted canopies and statues of kings. A band of quatrefoil panels below a cornice, blind panelling to the crenellated parapet with crocketed pinnacles to the angles. The single-storey gatehouse to the right has a smaller pedestrian archway, similar mouldings, but with the architrave inside the arch. C15 first-floor mullion window with Tudor-arched heads. C19 single-storey block to the left has an angle buttress, and a 2-centre doorway in the return with a crocketed hood, and ridged door. Behind is a C15 three-stage tower with moulded strings and matching panelled parapet, and an exterior stack with panelled top. In the re-entrant is an octagonal stair turret to a panelled top, and a crocketed ogee cap. The rear elevation has 4 storeys of 3-light mullion windows. INTERIOR: the main archway has 2 quadripartite vaulted bays separated by a chevron-moulded arch; the sides have arcades of pointed-arched niches formed from intersecting semicircular arches, with columns to cushion capitals and rope mouldings. The Gatehouse has upstairs rooms with Tudor-arched fireplaces, and oriels with tracery panels to the soffits; stone winder stair. The decoration of the arches and inner sides of the archway, with the Chapter House (qv), is among the earliest use of the pointed arch, and '...anticipated the impending Gothic' (Gomme). (The Buildings of England: Pevsner N: North Somerset and Bristol: London: 1958-: 386).

Listing NGR: ST5828472684

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol, (1958), 386

National Grid Reference: ST 58278 72686

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 30-Oct-2014 at 03:56:16.