List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: REMAINS OF BIRKENHEAD PRIORY

List entry Number: 1201757

Location

REMAINS OF BIRKENHEAD PRIORY, PRIORY STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
WirralMetropolitan Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 29-Jul-1950

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 389301

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

BIRKENHEAD

SJ3288NE PRIORY STREET 789-1/14/140 (East side) 29/07/50 Remains of Birkenhead Priory

GV I

Formerly known as: Old Priory Ruins ST MARY'S GATE. Priory ruins. Built in several phases between 1150-1400. North and west ranges around cloister which was to north of Priory church now destroyed. North range comprises C14 refectory building with vaulted undercroft. West range of c1250 with C14 remodelling comprises the guest hall and monks parlour. Church to south, but all that remains above ground is the base of a shaft and the scars of walling. Chapter house of c1150 (q.v.) in eastern range, also archway formerly giving access to destroyed infirmary and blocked arch to dormitory also destroyed in wall adjacent to Chapter House. Refectory building of coursed and squared rubble with buttressed west wall and 2-light chamfered mullioned windows. Traces of 2 blocked arched openings towards the east. Arched entrance to buttery on east elevation, and 2 square-headed windows above in extensively restored upper wall. Inside, buttery and undercroft have quadripartite rib vaulting, carried on octagonal shafts and moulded corbels. Western range ruinous, but substantial remains of walling survives. Against its east wall, the scars of the priory church north wall, and of a small structure north of this are clearly visible. Springing for vaulting of cloister roof also visible, and doorway through to monks parlour at the south end. West wall has deep moulded doorway towards the north, and Decorated windows (a C19 restoration). Small window with chamfered arched head, and doorway towards the south, giving access to monks parlour, with ball-flower frieze. 2-light foiled Decorated windows in south wall at upper level, and small windows below. Inside, the monks parlour with Prior's solar over comprised the southern bay. Of this, remains of the cross wall dividing it from the guest hall, and a passage through the east wall linking the two survive. In the walls, remains of fireplaces at both levels, and a door leading to former prior's stairs in the upper south-east angle. The Priory was founded in 1150 by Hamo de Massey as a Benedictine House. See also Ruins of Church of St Mary, and Chapter House of Birkenhead Priory. (The Buildings of England: Pevsner N and Hubbard E: Cheshire: Harmondsworth: 1971-).

Listing NGR: SJ3280288558

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Pevsner, N and Hubbard, E - Title: The Buildings of England: Cheshire - Date: 1971

National Grid Reference: SJ 32807 88542

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 30-Jul-2014 at 10:09:41.