List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: STATUE OF WILLIAM WILBERFORCE IN GARDEN OF WILBERFORCE HOUSE

List entry Number: 1197754

Location

STATUE OF WILLIAM WILBERFORCE IN GARDEN OF WILBERFORCE HOUSE, HIGH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
City of Kingston upon HullUnitary Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 21-Jan-1994

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 387616

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

KINGSTON UPON HULL

680-1/23/177 HIGH STREET 21-JAN-94 (Southeast side) STATUE OF WILLIAM WILBERFORCE IN GARDE N OF WILBERFORCE HOUSE

GV II* This list entry has been amended as part of the Bicentenary commemorations of the 1807 Abolition Act.

Statue of William Wilberforce, situated in the garden at the front of the Wilberforce House Museum (q.v). The Museum stands on the south-east side of the High Street, Hull. The statue was completed 1883-4 by sculptor William Day Keyworth junior (1843-1902). Ashlar. Life-size standing figure supported by a short column, on a square granite pedestal. The pedestal carries the following inscription: 'William Wilberforce / Born in Hull 24 August 1759 / Died in London 29 July 1833 / Member of Parliament for Hull / From 1780 to 1784 / Member of Parliament for Yorkshire / From 1784 to 1812 // England owes to him the Reformation of Manners / The World owes to him the Abolition of Slavery'.

HISTORY: William Wilberforce (1759-1833) was born in the house which was later to become the Wilberforce House Museum. His family were prosperous Hull merchants. Wilberforce's early years were spent in the house, and he attended the grammar school, but on his father's death in 1768 he was sent to live with his uncle and aunt in London and Wimbledon. His aunt's enthusiasm for Methodism caused his mother to bring him back to Hull after about two years, and thereafter, Wilberforce's home was the house in the High Street. Hull was the centre of his family and social life; as a member of one of Hull's most prominent families his days were filled with music and other diversions.

In 1776 Wilberforce entered St John's College, Cambridge; whilst there, he resolved to follow a political career. Elected MP for Hull in 1780, and for Yorkshire in 1784, his political stance was independent from the first. In 1785 he experienced a conversion to evangelical Christianity, and resolved to devote his life to God. He was counselled by the evangelical minister, John Newton, and by his friend, the prime minister William Pitt, that he could best serve God by remaining in politics. In 1787 he was persuaded by prominent abolitionists to represent their cause in Parliament. Whilst Thomas Clarkson and others gathered evidence against the slave trade and sought to mobilize public opinion, Wilberforce worked ceaselessly in Parliament, introducing bills calling for an end to the slave trade and speaking in their support; in 1788 he secured a select committee to examine the slave trade. The campaign met with fierce opposition and frequent set-backs before the Foreign Slave Trade Abolition Bill at last received royal assent on 25 March 1807. Slave ownership continued to exist in Britain's colonies, and Wilberforce continued to strive for the abolition of slavery itself, joining with others to form in 1807 the African Institution (its purpose being to ensure that the new law was adhered to, as well as ameliorating conditions for slaves), and in 1823 the Anti-Slavery Society. He remained in the House of Commons until 1825, by which time Thomas Fowell Buxton had taken on leadership of the parliamentary campaign. On 26 July 1833 Wilberforce heard that the bill for the emancipation of all slaves in British colonies had passed its final reading, and on 29 July he died. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a monument by Samuel Joseph was erected in 1840. In 1834-5 a monument honouring Wilberforce was erected in Queen Victoria Square, Hull; this was moved to Wilberforce Drive in 1935 (q.v.).

The statue of William Wilberforce which now stands in the garden of the Wilberforce House Museum was originally placed in the City Hall. It was presented to the town in January 1884 by Henry Briggs, sheriff of Hull 1881-2. The commission marked Briggs's time as sheriff, which coincided with the 50th anniversary of Wilberforce's death (1883), and of the Slavery Abolition Act, which came into force in 1834. The statue's creator, William Day Keyworth junior, was a celebrated Hull sculptor. The unveiling was performed by the Right Reverend Ernest Roland Wilberforce, grandson of the abolitionist. In 1912 the statue was moved to its present position.

SOURCES: N. Pevsner and D. Neave, The Buildings of England: Yorkshire, York, and the East Riding (1972, 1995); S. and D. Neave on behalf of Hull City Council, Wilberforce House, 25 High Street, Hull. Report on its History and Architecture; Rutherford, History of Wilberforce House; Dictionary of National Biography; J. Oldfield, 'Chords of Freedom', (2007), 70-1; William Hague, William Wilberforce (2007)

REASONS FOR DESIGNATION The statue of William Wilberforce is designated at Grade II* for the following principal reasons: * A handsome statue, the work of notable Hull sculptor William Day Keyworth junior. * The statue is of particular historical interest, having been erected to commemorate William Wilberforce, England's most celebrated abolitionist, in the town of his birth. * The present position of the statue, in front of the Wilberforce House Museum, listed at Grade I, emphasises the association between the house and its greatest inhabitant. TA1022828834

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Oldfield, J - Title: Chords of Freedom - Date: 2007
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Pevsner, N - Title: The Buildings of England: Yorkshire - York and the East Riding - Date: 1972

National Grid Reference: TA 10228 28834

Map

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Apr-2014 at 04:17:42.