List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: FACTORY BUILDING,FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED

List entry Number: 1197481

Location

FACTORY BUILDING,FORMERLY OF GIFFORD FOX AND COMPANY LIMITED, HOLYROOD STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
SomersetSouth SomersetDistrict AuthorityChard Town

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 29-Jul-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Dec-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 374178

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

CHARD

756-1/4/160 HOLYROOD STREET 29-JUL-76 CHARD (East side) Factory Building,formerly of Gifford F ox and Company Limited (Formerly listed as: HOLYROOD STREET CHARD OLD FACTORY BUILDING OF GIFFORD FOX AN D COMPANY LIMITED)

GV II*

Lace factory, now industrial units. c1820-30. Built of red brick with ball finials surmounting stepped copings of gabled slate roof. Rectangular plan. 5 storeys; 10-window range. Flat gauged brick arches over C20 windows. Large brick external stack with moulded cornicing to east elevation. Entry in mid C20 block to south. INTERIOR: fireproof construction with cast-iron columns to vaulted brick ceilings and arched iron roof trusses with circular compression members. The lace or plain net trade became established after 1820 by manufacturers who fled from the Luddite resistance they had faced in the Midlands. NOTE: In 1848, on the 4th floor of the mill, John Stringfellow [1799-1883] achieved the first sustained powered flight with a 10-foot wingspan model aeroplane powered by a light-weight steam engine. The flight was repeated in a marquee in Cremorna Gardens, London, later in 1848. The model aeroplane and the steam engine were designed and built by Stringfellow, probably in his workshops behind his house, No.121 High Street, listed grade II. Stringfellow was a bobbin and carriage maker from Nottingham. SOURCES: [1]Buchanan CA: Industrial Archaeology of Central Southern England: London: 1980-: P.123. [2] Penrose, H., An Ancient Air, Airlife Publishing Ltd. 1988.

Listing NGR: ST3223808450

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Buchanan, , Buchanan, , Batsford Guide to Industrial Archaeology Central Southern England, (1980)
Penrose, H , An Ancient Air, (1988)

National Grid Reference: ST 32238 08450

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2014 at 01:08:39.