List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CROWN COURT, ADJOINING OFFICES AND GATE ARCH

List entry Number: 1196939

Location

CROWN COURT, ADJOINING OFFICES AND GATE ARCH, ENGLISH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
CumbriaCarlisleDistrict Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 01-Jun-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Apr-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 386722

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

CARLISLE

NY4055NW ENGLISH STREET 671-1/12/135 (West side) 01/06/49 Crown Court, adjoining offices and gate arch (Formerly Listed as: Assize Courts (or the Citadel))

GV I

Formerly known as: The Citadel. Crown Court and Court Offices on the site of the 1542 Citadel. 1810-17 (interior not completed until 1822) by Sir Robert Smirke. Red sandstone ashlar on chamfered plinth with string courses, machicolated cornice (in part) and battlemented parapets. Hipped lead roofs. Rounded tall tower is completely C19, on the site of the demolished western tower of the Citadel (of the same dimensions); clasping the NW side is a lower 2-storey office block of 6 bays, with mock gate projection into English Street; all in Gothic style and almost a mirror image of the Nisi Prius Court range opposite, with which it forms a pair. Tower has tall 2-light windows in rounded deeply-recessed chamfered arch, over small lancets. Office block has right double plank doors in pointed Gothic arch; similar off-centre doorway projects in a battlemented porch, now fitted with a casement window. Ground-floor stone mullioned windows in double chamfered surrounds. Larger 2-light Gothic windows above with central trefoil heads in pointed arches. Gate projection was formerly a passageway to the court; ends in 2 octagonal turrets flanking central arch under a cross vent; the side walls have been pierced by 2 pointed arches created in 1929 (formerly the pavement went around the turrets). INTERIOR of court retains its original galleried seating of panelled oak. The offices are internally divided on ground floor. Members' room has late C19 monogrammed carved oak fireplace with tiled and engraved slate fireback. Upper floor No.2 Courtroom has plain stone fireplace, pointed archways, dado panelling along one wall and rib-panelled plaster ceiling. In an outer corridor the removal of a false ceiling has revealed the earlier painting of the panelled ceiling. Marble statue of Major Aglionby by Musgrave Lewthwaite Watson, 1844, has been moved from the main entrance and temporarily boxed in to prevent damage during renovation work. Staircase has ribbed and traceried wooden ceiling with flat central skylight (void above). Grand Jury Room has dado oak panelling; pointed arches, one an alcove and rib-vaulted plaster ceiling. Some original panelled doors. For further details see J Hughes CWAAS, Trans.NS LXX, Perriam CWAAS, Trans.NS LXXVIII. (Cumb. & West. Antiquarian & Archaeological Soc., New Series: Hughes J: LXX: The building of the Courts, Carlisle 1807-22: 205-20; Cumb. & West. Antiquarian & Archaeological Soc., New Series: Perriam DR: LXXVIII: The dating of the County Goal: 129-140).

Listing NGR: NY4021255619

Selected Sources

Books and journals
'Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society' in Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, (), 129-140
'Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society' in Transactions Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, (), 205-20

National Grid Reference: NY 40212 55619

Map


© Crown Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2014. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2014 at 04:08:09.