List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: WOTTON HOUSE

List entry Number: 1189814

Location

WOTTON HOUSE, GUILDFORD ROAD

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
SurreyMole ValleyDistrict AuthorityWotton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: II*

Date first listed: 11-Mar-1987

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 290082

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

WOTTON C.P. GUILDFORD ROAD TQ 14NW

4/119 Wotton House

GV II*

Country house, now training and conference centre. Early C17 for the Evelyn Family, extended in the later C17 and to the east in the C18 by William Kent. Further extended and altered in early C19 by Francis Edwards and, following a fire, restored and enlarged by Henry Woodyer for John Evelyn in 1877. Timber framed core now entirely clad, brick with terracotta decorations in the entrance front to the north, cement render on rear extensions with some tile hanging in gables. The majority of the roofs now plain tiled with some hipped and slate roofs to rear right. Original house was of compact multi-gabled plan with a U- shaped entrance court to the north, this remains the central core with early C19 wing to left on north side and Woodyer extensions to right, projecting to enclose new courtyard. C18 orangery and later C19 extensions lay parallel to rear. Entrance front:- two storeys with attics in gable ends of wings. Stone panels in parapet band to centre range, stone stringcourse over ground floor. Wings have plat band over ground floor and cornice stringcourse over first floor on west with finials to gable apexes. Octagonal turrets to return walls of wings under ribbed, lead-domed wooden cupolas and stone dressed lancet fenestration with two 4-light mullioned and transomed windows under octagonal stacks to ridges of roof. Label mouldings either side of central porch on each floor. Two similar windows to ground floor left of centre, two smaller windows above over paired, stone-dressed quatrefoils. One 8-lighti.,mullioned and transomed window on each floor to right of centre. Courtside of west wing has 3 shaped gables, each with arrow slit decoration, over 3 mezzanine glazing bar sashes and 3 sashes on first floor. The mezzanine sashes in raised brick flanking scrolls, those to first floor, and two windows on ground floor, in brick pattern surrounds imitating shutters. Central door in ribbed brick Jacobethan style surround and under flat hood on baluster pilasters. Door genuine early C17 with thick strapwork and decorative panels. Right hand (east) wing court front:- Three mullioned and transomed first floor windows, hipped roof dormers above. Two storey porch to centre with crowning winged Gryphons, and flanking stone-capped angle buttresses. Foiled light, mullioned and transomed, first floor window, decorative frieze below over first floor. Arched door surround with stone dressed flanking lights. Left hand return front of west wing with two C17 gables showing. C17 fenestration with 4-light attic windows and 7-light windows on each floor below, the end two lights shorter. Rear - long jumbled front with gable to left, flat roofed angle bay to left of centre, the old house, with sash fenestration and front stacks flanking gable to centre, and C18 orangery and C19 extensions set back to right. Orangery with decorative parapet and banded piers (C19). Single storey service buildings beyond. Interiors:- Dining Room - formerly the Orangery and once detached. William Kent, extended to south by Woodyer. Simple panelled ceiling with central 'rose' guilloche and egg and dart mouldings and modillioned Ionic eaves cornice. Plasterwork (Kent) wall panels painted in C18 Chinese style by Jean Derraux (Belgian),double panel to centre in scrolled surround. Oval bamboo frames with ribbon garlands. Small paintings over doors. Pedimented and bracketed door- cases with architrave surrounds to panelled doors. Deep niche to end with flanking Doric pilasters and coffered half-dome over. Several fragments remain from old house including Jacobean and Elizabethan panelled strapwork doors and surrounds -(one off the "cloister" and further ones to offices). Wotton Mouse contd........ Room 14. Colonnaded Ionic Screen Passage to one end with guilloche soffit moulding and end pilasters flanking two central columns. Fluted frieze, dentilled cornice and end paterae over. Curved end wall. Ante Room - in Chambers style with curved end niches under diamond panel coffering and shells over doors. Fine curved doors, original, in architrave surrounds with flat hood over. Bay leaf garland and fluted frieze over. Evelyn Library - by Woodyer. 7 bays in high Victorian Gothic with round pier arcades and cross rib vaulted roof, deep foliage capitals to columns. Billeted panelling and painted texts on walls over arches. Massive fireplaces of coloured marble. Flanking columns and crested overmantle in French Baronial style. Steel doors in imitation of wood panelling. The Evelyn Family Seat, John Evelyn born here in 1620 and eventually came into his possession in 1699 on his brothels death. Traditionally the now Deputy Principal's office is the room of Evelyn's Birth. The house is most famous for its "Italian Garden" laid out by Evelyn and included in the "Register of Parks and Gardens of Historic Interest in England, Part 40 Surrey" as II*. PEVSNER: Buildings of England, Surrey (1971) pp.542-4.

Listing NGR: TQ1216146966

Selected Sources

  1. Unpublished Title  Reference - Title: Part 40 Surrey - Journal Title: Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Pevsner, N and Nairn, I Rev. by Cherry, B - Title: The Buildings of England: Surrey - Date: 1971 - Page References: 542-4

National Grid Reference: TQ 12161 46966

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2012. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019088.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2012. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Apr-2014 at 05:59:20.