List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: NORHAM CASTLE

List entry Number: 1154811

Location

NORHAM CASTLE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityNorham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 22-Dec-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 237920

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HORNCLIFFE NORHAM NT 9047 13/67 Norham Castle 22.12.69 I

Ruined castle of the bishops of Durham. Originally a motte-and-bailey castle of 1121 for Bishop Flambard. Rebuilt in stone c.1157 by Richard of Wolviston for Bishop Puiset. Of this period the keep and part of the masonry of walls and west gateway. C13 additions include the south wall of the outer ward and the great hall in the inner ward. The keep was extensively remodelled in 1422-25; finally much rebuilding, especially of the north wall, in 1513-15 for Bishop Ruthal. One of the turrets of south wall encased in Gothick cottage in the late C18 or early C19.

Inner ward with keep forming south-east corner. Outer ward with West Gate, and site of Sheep Gate in south curtain wall. Inner and outer moats.

Outer ward: large and quadrant-shaped on dramatic sloping site. West Gate in left-hand corner extensively altered C15 and C16 but the remains of the tunnel vault are C12. The barbican was added in the C15 and in front of it a stone causeway with a gap in the middle for a centrally-pivoted drawbridge. North wall has 3 casemates with cannon portholes. The south wall sub-structure only remains with parts of 13 or 14 arches which formed the base of the wall and were formerly buried in an embankment; also the lower courses of the Sheep Gate and'3 turrets. A 4th turret to the right of the sheep gate is covered by the Gothick cottage. The east wall is largely C12 but with a C16 turret.

Inner ward: of the gatehouse, great hall, great chamber and kitchen only the lower parts of the wall remain. They are against the north, east and west curtain walls. The keep is the most dramatic part of the castle. It is 84 x 60 ft. and c.90 ft. high. Most of the north wall has gone but the rest stands to full height. On the ground floor 3 tunnel-vaulted chambers, the vaults divided into bays by broad transverse ribs rising from flat pilasters; the bays lightly groined. On the first floor a very large round-arched recess. The west wall is largely a C15 rebuild and has a stone newel stair. Many C12, C13 and C15 window openings. Attached to south wall, lower courses of garderobe tower.

Norham Castle: D.O.E. : H.M.S.O. : 1966.

Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Listing NGR: NT9066147532

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Title: Norham Castle - Date: 1966

National Grid Reference: NT 90647 47607

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2012. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019088.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Apr-2014 at 02:51:44.