List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE CHURCH OF ST MARY

List entry Number: 1151998

Location

THE CHURCH OF ST MARY

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
GloucestershireTewkesburyDistrict AuthorityDeerhurst

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 04-Jul-1960

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 126587

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

DEERHURST DEERHURST VILLAGE SO 8629-8729 10/46 The Church of St Mary 4.7.60 GV I Former Monastery, now Parish church. C8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, late C15, early C17, restored 1861-62 by William Slater. Random rubble walls, with some herringbone masonry at lower levels; coursed, squared stone to west end south aisle and lower parts western bays north aisle; lead roofs, stone slate to part of tower. Nave, chancel, north and south aisles, embracing western tower; remains of apse to east. South face: diagonally-set buttress left, blocked doorway with 3-centred arch left, Saxon doorway, now partly window, right, semi-circular head and hoodmould, beast head over. Eleven corbels for cloister roof, projecting string course most of length forming sill to four 4-light mullioned windows, arched head each light. Two-light mullion and transom window east end, Perpendicular tracery. Plain string course, 4 moulded heads (2 being rain-water outlets) plain parapet. Tower above aisle roof on left: flat-headed window at roof level, circular clock face, 2- light louvred window to belfry, reticulated tracery; plain parapet with slightly-raised corners left, short length lower eaves right. Clerestory slightly set forward to right: three 2-light windows, left one reticulated tracery, right 2 Perpendicular. Plain eaves parapet: parapet gables main roof and aisles, stump of apex finial east end. West face: south aisle plinth, 4-light Decorated window, king mullion; single-light over. Below, to left, 6 'panel' door up 3 stone steps, arched head. South parapet returned up slope of roof. Tower: C19 boarded door with ornamental ironwork in arched, moulded surround, slightly off centre to semi-circular arch over, animal head above. Single- light window over: doorway above, altered to window, semi-circular head, square hoodmould, animal head over. Window and parapet above as south facade. To left north aisle, low plinth, window similar to south, angled buttress, parapet as south aisle. North face: plinth: blocked door, moulded surround, arched head. Three-light window, reticulated tracery and hoodmould at each end, western lower; between two 4-light Decorated-tracery windows, king mullion; parapet, clerestory and tower as south side, but no clock face. East end: north aisle blocked doorway: centre blocked wide arch, semi-circular responds and arch, 3-light Perpendicular- tracery window over, flat head, relieving arch. Wing wall on left for apse, projecting strip decoration at corners, carrying triangular pediment with angel carving. Blocked semi-circular headed opening to south aisle: aisle partly overlapped by end of Priory Farmhouse (q.v.). Footings of apse to east. Interior: tower base: low relief Virgin and child, over semi- circular headed doorway. Animal-head stops to hoodmould on other side. Nave and chancel one unit: walls rendered. West end: simple, semi-circular-headed arch to doorway: triangular window over, with tapered, blocked doorway to right, semi-circular head from single stone. Above 2 triangular-headed windows, separated by fluted pilaster; plaque over. Three-bay C13 arcade each side, clustered responds to short lengths of wall between each, leaf and trumpet-scalloped capitals, alternating light and darker stones in arches on south side. Two Saxon doorways each side chancel, blocked arch to apse visible on east, Decalogue painted on infill. Triangular-headed plaques each side of high-level eastern window. Communion rails early C17, moulded head and sill, turned balusters, ball finials. North, east and south sides bench seats with panelled backs, top fluted; panelled fronts to pews with bookrests, ball finials flank openings in centre each side: rare survival of pre-Laudian chancel arrangement. Roof king-post trusses, infilled carved tracery, wall posts and braces from corbels, one pair moulded purlins, moulded ridge and cornice. Timberwork late C15 at west end, 1861 copy at east. North aisle eC17 dado panelling with bench seat west end, fluted frieze. East end aisle plaster removed, exposing various blocked pre-Norman openings and recesses. Sloping principal rafter as trusses, with curved brace to wallpost. South aisle rendered, responds for C12 arches across aisle on north side, piscina recess south, remains of rood loft-stairs and doors; semi-circular headed arch to eastern bay, infilled C19 timber screen. Fittings: C9 tub font on circular base, reduced at foot to octagon, carved spiral decoration. C15 pews at west end south aisle, blind tracery ends, moulded upper rail to back. Some ends reused on mid C19 pews, rest copied from earlier ones. Semi- octagonal carved wooden pulpit on stone base, by W. Slater, 1861, carved by Forsyth. C1400 Cassey brass in north aisle, two later brasses; stone coffin lid with foliate cross: mid-late C18 wall monuments at west end north aisle, one with pedimented top and scrolled sides. Various early-mid C19 wall monuments. Medieval glass in west window south aisle; 1853 memorial window by Wailes at west end north aisle. Two wooden chests, one with iron strapwork. Apse demolished by 1547. Bigland noted that the spire was blown down in 1666. The eastern clerestory windows considerably altered at the 1861 restoration, when the chancel roof pitch was lowered, and the cross-roof to the south 'transept' removed. Forms group with Priory Farmhouse (to which it is attached), Odda's Chapel and Abbot's Court (all q.v.). Ruined parts of east end A.M. Gloucestershire 367. (S. Lysons, A Collection of Gloucestershire Antiquities, 1804; R. Bigland, Collections relative to the County of Gloucestershire, 1794; Addleshaw and Etchells, Architectural Setting of Anglican Worship, 1948; H.M. & J. Taylor, Anglo-Saxon Architecture, 1965, Deerhurst Studies I, 1977; D. Verey, Gloucestershire, the Vale and the Forest of Dean, 1970; P. Rahtz, Excavations at St. Mary's Church, Deerhurst, 1976).

Listing NGR: SO8703729966

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Addleshaw, , Etchells, , Architectural Setting of Anglican Worship, (1948)
Bigland, R, Historical Monumental and Genealogical Collections Relative to the County of Gloucestershire, (1889)
Lysons, S, A Collection of Gloucestershire Antiquities, (1804)
Rahtz, P, Excavations at St Marys Church Deerhurst, (1976)
Taylor, H M, J , , Anglo Saxon Architecture, (1965)
Taylor, H M , Deerhurst Studies 1 The Anglo Saxon Fabric, (1977)
Verey, D , The Buildings of England: Gloucestershire 2 The Vale and The Forest of Dean, (1970)

National Grid Reference: SO 87047 29961

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Dec-2014 at 10:44:50.