List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE GREAT TOWER

List entry Number: 1130324

Location

THE GREAT TOWER, HIGH STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
CambridgeshireHuntingdonshireDistrict AuthorityBuckden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 24-Oct-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Jun-1983

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 54294

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BUCKDEN HIGH STREET TL 1867 (EAST SIDE) 5/25 THE GREAT TOWER 24.10.51 (FORMERLY LISTED AS PART OF BUCKDEN PALACE) GV I

Late C15 tower recently restored by the Claretian Mission. Red brick with burnt brick diapering and patterning. Limestone dressings. Three storeys with basement and four octagonal, embattled turrets at angles rising above the main parapet. Moulded string courses between floors; chamfered plinth. Windows of one, two, and three lights with cinquefoiled lights in square heads and moulded labels at ground and first floors, and basement. The doorway to the basement has an inner and outer arch, the doorway to the ground floor is approached by steps and has a four-centred arch and label. The interior has C20 inserted floors. North-east turret has a stone staircase, partly restored, with moulded stone hand-rail and stone newel. South-east turret has recesses for garderobes. The fireplace at ground floor has a four-centred arch. The first floor fireplace is C17 with moulded jambs, the second floor fireplace is plastered brick. Doorways to the turrets at each floor level have four-centred heads. Since Domesday the manor of Buckden had belonged to the Bishop of Lincoln until it was purchased by Sir Arthur Marshall (Marshall and Snelgrove) in late C19. The outer gateway and boundary wall, the inner gatehouse and curtain wall are remains of Buckden Palace built by Bishop John Iiilliams (1625-1642). The moat with the exception of the western arm was filled in and the medieval hall and great chamber were demolished by the Ecclesiastical Commissioners after 1838. Further demolitions were made by Mr James Marshall of the north wing of the inner gable house, and the medieval bridge. Queen Catherine of Aragon resided at the Palace in 1533 and 1534,AM. RCHM - Huntingdonshire, pp34-38 VCH - Huntingdonshire, p268 Pevsner - Buildings of England, p215 Inskip Ladds Collection. Norris Mus. St Ives A History of Buckden Palace, M Sweeny, 1981, p4 C.R.O. Huntingdon - Collection of photographs and prints

Listing NGR: TL1925267685

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Inventory of Huntingdonshire, (1926), 34-38
Page, W, Proby, G , The Victoria History of the County of Huntingdon, (1936), 268
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: Cambridgeshire, (1954), 215
Sweeny, M, A History of Buckden Palace, (1981), 4

National Grid Reference: TL 19252 67685

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 01-Nov-2014 at 09:08:48.