List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: THE CASTLE KEEP (INCLUDING EXCAVATED REMAINS OF FOREBUILDING IN MOAT)

List entry Number: 1123674

Location

THE CASTLE KEEP (INCLUDING EXCAVATED REMAINS OF FOREBUILDING IN MOAT)

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
EssexColchesterDistrict AuthorityNon Civil Parish

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 24-Feb-1950

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 116865

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

1. CASTLE PARK 995 ----------- The Castle Keep (including excavated remains of forebuilding in moat) TL 9925 SE 5/3 24.2.50.

I

2. Built late C11 on the site of the great Roman Claudian Temple (the foundations still exist under the castle), almost entirely of Roman tiles and septaria. It was probably built in circa 1080 for William the Conqueror as an important defensive work. It was much larger and more massive than any other Norman Castle built in England - possibly partly because it had to enclose the great Roman foundations still existing on the site. It had 3 storeys or more and is now probably less than half its original height, though still a most imposing structure and a most important example of mediaeval military architecture. Demolition was begun in 1693, the height being reduced. Considerable restoration took place in the mid C18 for Charles Grey. The dome over the great staircase was added by James Deane in 1760. AM.

Listing NGR: TL9986425325

Selected Sources

  1. Unpublished Title  Reference - Title: Part 15 Essex - Journal Title: Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in England

National Grid Reference: TL9986425325

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 30-Sep-2014 at 04:59:34.