List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: BOWES CASTLE

List entry Number: 1121039

Location

BOWES CASTLE, THE STREET

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
County DurhamUnitary AuthorityBowes

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 17-Jun-1986

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 111195

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BOWES THE STREET NY 9913 (South side, off) 33/33 Bowes Castle I Keep with foundations of forebuilding to east. Circa 1171-87 by Richard the engineer for King Henry II. Sandstone rubble core faced with ashlar and incorporating some Roman masonry. Square plan.

2 storeys standing and ruinous third storey. Double-chamfered plinth. Each face has projecting corners and a broad flat central buttress with set-back wall panels between. Fragmentary roll-moulded band above first floor.

East front: remains of forebuilding with triple-chamfered plinth to north; first-floor round-arched north doorway has set-back voussoirs and is flanked by small round-arched openings. South-east corner has slits and contains partly- reconstructed spiral stair.

South front: first-floor round-arched hall window of 2 orders (inner order chamfered)to east; several round-headed loops to west.

Badly-damaged west front: exposed mural passages and a first-floor garderobe chute to south; projecting section at foot of chute has 2 round-arched openings; fragmentary large windows to north.

North front: large round-headed first-floor window with set-back rounded jambs.

Interior: ground-floor has several springers for destroyed rib vaults; north- east corner contained first-floor kitchen with fireplace and a simple flue leading out through north wall.

Scheduled Ancient Monument. (The Victoria History of the Counties of England, ed. William Page F.S.A, A History of the County of York North Riding,1925.)

Listing NGR: NY9923413504

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Page, W, The Victoria History of the County of York: North Riding, (1914)

National Grid Reference: NY 99234 13504

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 01-Nov-2014 at 01:10:42.