List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: FORT SOUTHWICK, THAT PART IN PORTSMOUTH CIVIL PARISH

List entry Number: 1104368

Location

FORT SOUTHWICK, THAT PART IN PORTSMOUTH CIVIL PARISH, JAMES CALLAGHAN DRIVE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
City of PortsmouthUnitary Authority

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 30-Oct-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Mar-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 474796

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

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Details

PORTSMOUTH

SU60NW JAMES CALLAGHAN DRIVE 774-1/1/292 Fort Southwick, that part in 30/10/69 Portsmouth CP (Formerly Listed as: PORTSDOWN HILL Fort Southwick)

I

Fort. c1860. By William Crossman (Capt. Royal Engineers). One of a series of forts (Wallington (now demolished), Nelson, Southwick, Widley and Purbrook (qv) along the chalk ridge of Portsdown Hill, built for the defence of Portsmouth against landward attack in the 1860s, and known as Palmerston's Follies. Brick walls of England bond, the outer face of the defensive walls are of flint with horizontal and vertical bands of brickwork and a blind arcade at the upper level. PLAN/EXTERIOR: the structure is partly within and above the natural ridge; a polygonal plan with four vertical faces to the deep dry ditch, a fire step behind the parapet, and 2-storeyed caponiers at the three corners (to give raking fire along the ditches). Within this outer framework is an embankment with open gun emplacements at the top. Below the central parade ground there are brick-lined passageways, ammunition stores, and staircases to the several points, and behind the caponier positions, sunken embrasures for mortars. The rear (south) of the fort has a set of barracks, and the south face is a high brick wall, originally protected by a continuous ditch; there are entrances at each side, once approached by drawbridges, comprising bold `Norman' doorways of stone, with recessed orders of mouldings, above columns. The fort contains many interesting details of fortification design. This fort is similar to Fort Widley. It is mainly within the boundary of Winchester City Council and is accordingly listed there also. The southernmost part of the fort is within the Portsmouth Council boundary. Scheduled Ancient Monument.



Listing NGR: SU6610802158

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 62823 06838

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 21-Oct-2014 at 04:11:43.