List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: ABBEY CHURCH OF ST GREGORY THE GREAT, DOWNSIDE ABBEY

List entry Number: 1058633

Location

ABBEY CHURCH OF ST GREGORY THE GREAT, DOWNSIDE ABBEY, FOSSE WAY

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
SomersetMendipDistrict AuthorityStratton on the Fosse

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 25-Jun-1986

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Aug-1989

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 267999

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

In the entry for:

STRATTON-ON-THE-FOSSE FOSSE WAY ST 65 SE (west side) 13/187 Abbey Church of St Gregory The Great, Downside Abbey and School GV I The address shall be amended to read:

ST 65 SE FOSSE WAY 5/187 (west side) Abbey Church of St Gregory The Great, Downside Abbey

- I

and the description shall be amended to read

Abbey church and north cloister. Commenced 1873 and as yet unfinished (west front and two bays of nave are missing). Main building periods 1872-82, c.1890, 1901-5, 1911-12, c.1923-25, 1938. Architects in date order, A M Dunn and E J Hansom, Thomas Garner, F.A.Walters, Sir G.G.Scott. Interior fittings and furnishings by the principal architects and Sir J N Comper. Bath stone ashlar with red plain tile roofs, the east end chapels roofed very conspicuously in copper sheeting.

Abbey church consists of nave with blind aisles and gallery chapels to south over north cloisters, by Sir G G Scott 1922-25 incorporating temporary west front, in simplified early Perpendicular style. Transepts with chapels opened 1882 and base of tower 1884, by A Dunn and E Hansom in early English style; tower finished 1938 by Scott in Somerset Perpendicular. Choir 1902-05 by Thomas Garner in early Decorated style; east end, ambulatory and radiating chapels with large projecting Lady Chapel opened 1888 by Dunn and Hansom in a French C13 style. Of the earliest work by Dunn and Hansom the 2 bays transepts have a rose window to the north, south transept with tower on south side; tower with much emphasised doorway and with gabled canopy with figures; with Scott's addition it rises to about 166 ft, corner buttresses, pinnacles, 3 tiers of 2-light bell-chamber windows. Eight bay nave with triforium and clerestorey, pierced parapet, 2-light windows, rich tracery, west end (unfinished) with triple lancets. Chancel of 7 bays, with tall transomed clerestory windows, pierced parapets, flying buttresses, massive end pinnacles, 3-light east window. Chapels at east end with much emphasis on facetted roofs. Interior rib-vaulted in C13 French style; nave with tall Perpendicular arcades; triforium in Decorated style; richly fitted and furnished with much high quality work including altars, carvings, tombs, paintings and stained glass; canopied tomb of Cardinal Gasquet (d.1929) by Sir G G Scott, effigy by E Carter Preston. The Lady Chapel was decorated, glazed, paved and screened by Comper.

'The most splendid demonstration of the renaissance of Roman Catholicism in England' (Pevsner) it was built for a community of Benedictine monks, founded at St Gregory's monastery at Douai in Flanders in 1607, house re-established in England 1795, present estate purchased 1813.

References: Pevsner. Buildings of England, North Somerset and Bristol 1958 and for full description of church: James, Dom Augustine. The Story of Downside Abbey Church 1961. Fitzgerald-Lombard, Dom C.A guide to the Church of St Gregory the Great Downside Abbey, 1981.

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STRATTON-ON-THE-FOSSE CP FOSSE WAY (West side) ST65SE 13/187 Abbey Church of St. Gregory The Great, Downside Abbey and School -

GV I

Abbey Church, and north cloister. Work commenced 1872 and as yet unfinished, viz. west end of Abbey Church. For community of Benedictine monks, founded at St Gregory's Monastery at Douai in northern France, 1601; house re-established in England 1795, present estate purchased 1814. Bath and Doulting stones, lias; tile and copper sheeting roofs. Abbey Church consists of nave with blind aisles and gallery chapels to south over north cloister, by Sir G G Scott c1923-25 incorporating temporary west front, in simplified French Perpendicular style. Transepts with chapels and base of tower c1882, by A Dunn and C Hansom in rich Early English style; tower finished 1938 by Scott in Somerset Perpendicular. Chancel c1901-05 by Thomas Garner in Early Perpendicular style; east end, ambulatory and radiating chapels with large projecting Lady Chapel c1890 by Dunn and Hansom in French Perpendicular style. Of the earliest work by Dunn and Hansom the 2 bay transepts have a rose window to the north, south transept with tower on south side; tower with much emphasised door opening, gabled canopy with figures; with Scott's addition it rises to about 160 m, corner buttresses, pinnacles, 3 tiers of 2-light bell-chamber windows. Eight bay nave with triforium and clerestory, pierced parapet, 2-light windows, rich tracery, west end with triple lancets. Chancel of 7 bays, with tall transomed clerestory windows, pierced parapets, flying buttresses, massive end pinnacles, 3-light east window. Chapels at east end with much emphasis on facetted roofs. Interior rib-vaulted in C13 French style; nave with tall Perpendicular arcades; triforium in Decorated style; richly fitted and furnished with much high quality work including carvings, tombs, paintings and stained glass; tomb and recess by Sir Ninian Compter. (Pevsner, Buildings of England, North Somerset and Bristol, 1958; Fitzgerald-Lombard Dom C, A Guide to the Church of St Gregory the Great Downside Abbey, 1981).

Listing NGR: ST6550550832

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Fitzgerald Lombard, C , A Guide to the Church of St Gregory the Great Downside Abbey, (1981)
James, A, The Story of Downside Abbey Church, (1961)
Pevsner, N, The Buildings of England: North Somerset and Bristol, (1958)

National Grid Reference: ST 65509 50840

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 06:16:01.