List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: POPE'S TOWER APPROXIMATELY 35 METRES SOUTH EAST OF HARCOURT HOUSE

List entry Number: 1053134

Location

POPE'S TOWER APPROXIMATELY 35 METRES SOUTH EAST OF HARCOURT HOUSE

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
OxfordshireWest OxfordshireDistrict AuthorityStanton Harcourt

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 12-Sep-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Oct-1988

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 252405

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

STANTON HARCOURT HARCOURT HOUSE SP4105 21/321 Pope's Tower approx. 35m. SE 12/09/55 of Harcourt House (Formerly listed as Pope's Tower)

GV I

Former chapel. c.1470-71, probably by William Orchard for Sir Robert Harcourt. Limestone ashlar; roof not visible. 4-storey tower with nave, and 2-storey bay with chancel to right. Eared architrave over keyed hollow-chamfered arched doorway to C16 panelled doors, and hood moulds over two 2-light cinquefoil-headed windows to nave and room above; offset buttress to right, moulded cornice with gargoyles and octagonal crenellated stone stack. Tower has hood moulds over one- and 2-light cinquefoil-headed windows, and square-headed upper-lights. 3-light panel-tracery window to east (left). Crenellated parapet with gargoyles beneath. Stair-turret to rear with slit lights and similar parapet. Similar windows to sides and rear, and hood mould over late C15 four-centred hollow-chamfered rear doorway. Interior: chancel has a fan vault on head corbels and hollow-chamfered chancel arch with quatrefoil spandrels. Nave has quartered and moulded beams to panelled ceiling, originally painted, and pointed arched doorway with plank door to stone newel stairs with similar doorways and ancient plank doors. Room above nave has moulded beams and moulded stone fireplace. Tower: early C17 panelling and similar stone fireplace. Tower: early C17 panelling and similar stone fireplace in first-floor room, moulded beam in room above, and late C17 bolection panelling in third-floor room. Formerly attached to the parlour end of the medieval manor house, demolished c.1750. The nave of the chapel was used by servants and was recorded (in 1818) as having been decorated with red and gold to the beams and gold stars on a blue ground to the panels. The family, assembled in the room above, could view the altar through a squint (now blocked). The tower possibly provided lodgings for the priest or lord's retainers, and its design is similar to those at Minster Lovell Hall and at Magdalene College, Oxford, also by William Orchard. The tower derives its name from Alexander Pope who stayed here in 1717-18, when he used the upper room in the tower to translate the fifth volume of Homer's "lliad". (Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, p.782; National Monuments Record; M. Wood, The English Medieval House, 1965, pp.173-4, 239; Bodleian Library, M.S. Top, Oxon for late C18 and C19 drawings).

Listing NGR: SP4163005638

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pevsner, N, Sherwood, J , The Buildings of England: Oxfordshire, (1974), 782
Wood, E , The English Medieval House, (1965), 173-4, 239

National Grid Reference: SP 41631 05637

Map


© Crown Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2014. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 01:42:04.