List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: CHURCH OF ST PETER

List entry Number: 1044828

Location

CHURCH OF ST PETER

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityBywell

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 15-Apr-1969

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 239821

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

BYWELL BYWELL NZ 0461 23/60 Church of St.Peter 15.4.69 GV I

Parish Church. Nave and parts of chancel Pre-Conquest, possibly C8. Chancel remodelled and south aisle built in early C13; west end shortened later C13 (probably after 1285 fire), tower and north chapel early C14. Alterations by Benjamin Ferrey in 1849 included rebuilding of south aisle and porch, and addition of vestry; further alterations 1873. Pre-Conquest parts squared stone with megalithic alternate quoins, chancel and north chapel squared stone, tower coursed rubble, C19 parts tooled squared stone. Leaded roofs to nave and chancel, Lakeland slates to south aisle, porch and vestry. Nave with west tower, 4-bay south aisle with porch and 2-bay north-east chapel; chancel with south chapel and north vestry.

Squat tower with chamfered set-back at mid-height on north and west. West wall shows doorway with chamfered arch and hood; to right blocked upper door with segmental relieving arch. Belfry openings are paired lancets except for crude square-headed east opening. Embattled parapet on hollow-chamfered string.

Steeply-gabled porch has trefoiled chamfered arch, stone benches and built-in cross slabs and sculptural fragments; chamfered doorway with part of moulded reconquest arch re-set above.

South aisle (continued eastwards as chapel) has stepped buttresses, single and paired lancets and older masonry in end walls with C19 windows. North wall of nave has 2 similar windows, stepped buttress at west end, traces of blocked openings and, at high level, 4 early round-headed windows with monolithic lintels, the western altered. North chapel has moulded plinth and parapet; 2-light north windows with Geometrical tracery under square heads; springings of unfinished chamfered arches. Ends of chapel have stepped buttresses and similar 4-light windows.

Chancel has chamfered plinth, sill band and traces of blocked south door. 3 lancets on south and triplet to east, all under hoodmoulds. Stepped clasping buttresses and low buttress beneath centre eastern lancet. North wall shows Lancet behind vestry and window further west of 2 trefoil-headed lights (monolithic head is re-used cross slab). At west end of wall blocked early door with inclined Escomb-fashion jambs and roof raggle of former gabled porticus above. Coped gables with finial crosses.

South arcade has pointed double-chamfered arches on tall round piers with moulded octagonal caps; hoodmould has crowned head as stop over central pier. Round-arched piscina in chancel. C19 detail in keeping. Low-side window of 2 square-headed lights now opening into south chapel. Re-sited shouldered doorway to vestry.

Interior of tower: west doorway of late C13 nave, with tall hoodmould, now opens into tower. Remains of 2 buttresses and lancet window of late C13 west front also visible.

Plain medieval font has circular bowl on moulded stem. C15 incised effigy of knight under trapdoor in north chapel. 3 elaborate Baroque candelabra in chancel. Late C19 glass in north chapel; series of saints, all to members of Wailes family and perhaps by Wailes the glassmaker of Saltwell Park. Similar glass in chancel.

Pre-Conquest church was of unusual size; partially-exposed footings suggest attendant porticus and other structures. The incomplete arches to the north may have been intended to link the church with monastic buildings. Bishop Egbert of Lindisfarne was consecrated at Bywell, probably in this church, on 11 June 802.

H.M. and J. Taylor, 'Anglo-Saxon Architecture' Vol I (1965) 122-126.

Listing NGR: NZ0492661427

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Taylor, H M and J - Title: Anglo Saxon Architecture - Date: 1965 - Volume: 1 - Page References: 122-126

National Grid Reference: NZ 04926 61428

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2012. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019088.
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Apr-2014 at 10:55:26.