List entry

List entry Summary

This building is listed under the Planning (Listed Buildings and Conservation Areas) Act 1990 as amended for its special architectural or historic interest.

Name: UNION SUSPENSION BRIDGE (THAT PART IN ENGLAND)

List entry Number: 1042214

Location

UNION SUSPENSION BRIDGE (THAT PART IN ENGLAND)

The building may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
NorthumberlandUnitary AuthorityHorncliffe

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: I

Date first listed: 11-Feb-1988

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: LBS

UID: 237916

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Building

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

HORNCLIFFE LOANEND NT 95 SW 1/63 Union Suspension Bridge (that part in England)

I

Suspension bridge. 1819-20 by Capt. S. Brown R.N. Sandstone ashlar piers. Iron with wood roadway.

On Scottish side tall battered, rusticated pier with round arch for the roadway, bold dentil cornice and high blocking course carrying the cables. In the blocking course an iron inscription VIS UNITOR FORTIOR 1820, with intertwined roses and thistles.

The pier at the English end is built into the cliff. It has similar rustication and 2 stages. The lower stage contains an aedicule with modillion cornice surrounding a bronze plaque of 1902; this stage has a modillion cornice. Battered upper stage has dentilled cornice and a high blocking course bearing a similar iron inscription.

The roadway is suspended from 3 pairs of wrought-iron chains with elongated bars connected by bar links. The upper steel table is a later strengthening.

This 'bar link' was the invention of Samuel Brown and was used here for the first time. When it was built this was the longest suspension bridge in the world. It was remarkable also for costing only £5,000 instead of an anticipated £20,000 for a stone bridge. It remains Britain's oldest suspension bridge in road use. Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Listing NGR: NT9341651034

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NT 93416 51034

Map


© Crown Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2014. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Sep-2014 at 08:36:10.