List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Earthwork enclosure on Rodhuish Common, 300m west of Moor Barn

List entry Number: 1021122

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
SomersetWest SomersetDistrict AuthorityWithycombe

National Park: EXMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 11-Aug-2003

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 35711

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Exmoor is the most easterly of the three main upland areas in the south western peninsula of England. In contrast to the other two areas, Dartmoor and Bodmin Moor, there has been no history of antiquarian research and little excavation of Exmoor monuments. However, detailed survey work by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England has confirmed a comparable richness of archaeological remains, with evidence of human exploitation and occupation from the Mesolithic period to the present day. Hillslope enclosures provide the main evidence for the Iron Age on Exmoor. First categorised by Lady Aileen Fox in 1952, their morphology has been refined by the Royal Commission survey. Despite their name they do not occur only on hillslopes, although their usual location is on a sheltered valley side. They are smaller than hillforts, generally no larger than between 50m and 80m across, and usually less well defended. The enclosure itself is defined by a single bank, often with an associated ditch, with a single entrance. In some cases, where natural slopes form part of the defences, the bank may not form a complete circuit and may be missing where the angle of slope acts in its stead. Where it can be recognised, the settlement evidence within these enclosures comprises platforms indicating the position of buildings. Around 50 hillslope enclosures with upstanding earthworks have been identified on Exmoor. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples, particularly those with a complete or near complete circuit of defences, are considered worthy of protection.







The earthwork enclosure on Rodhuish Common, 300m west of Moor Barn, survives comparatively well and is one of a number of similarly constructed enclosures which occupy hill-slopes in the locality. It will contain environmental evidence and archaeological deposits relating to the purpose of the enclosure, its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an earthwork enclosure of probable Iron Age date located on the southern edge of Rodhuish Common, situated on the lower south and east-facing slope of Monkham Hill. The enclosure is near circular in plan with a levelled interior which is defined on the north, south and eastern sides by a low earth and stone bank with an average height of 0.6m. The western side of the enclosure is defined by an inward-facing scarp up to 1.7m high which is cut into the natural slope of the hill. The overall dimensions of the enclosure are 31.7m from north to south and 28.3m from east to west. A simple gap in the bank on the north west side, close to where the inward-facing scarp is most well-defined, is thought to be a later modification.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SS 93 NE 90, National Monuments Record,

National Grid Reference: SS 99901 39225

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Oct-2014 at 08:15:53.