List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Roman camp at Upton, 400m east of the water tower north of Long Lane

List entry Number: 1015608

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire West and ChesterUnitary AuthorityUpton-by-Chester

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Sep-1996

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25723

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Roman camps are rectangular or sub-rectangular enclosures which were constructed and used by Roman soldiers either when out on campaign or as practice camps; most campaign camps were only temporary overnight bases and few were used for longer periods. They were bounded by a single earthen rampart and outer ditch and in plan are always straight-sided with rounded corners. Normally they have between one and four entrances, although as many as eleven have been recorded. Such entrances were usually centrally placed in the sides of the camp and were often protected by additional defensive outworks. Roman camps are found throughout much of England, although most known examples lie in the midlands and north. Around 140 examples have been identified and, as one of the various types of defensive enclosure built by the Roman Army, particularly in hostile upland and frontier areas, they provide an important insight into Roman military strategy and organisation. All well-preserved examples are identified as being of national importance.

The Roman camp at Upton Grange survives in its complete circuit as a well defined cropmark visible on aerial photographs taken in 1989 and 1990. This is one of a group of five practice camps connected with the military occupation of the fortress at Chester. This camp will retain evidence of its construction and the interior will contain traces of temporary buildings and pits for latrines or refuse.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Roman camp lying in two fields to the west of the lane from Acres Lane to Upton Grange. The camp was first identified from an aerial photograph taken in 1989 and confirmed in 1990. It is one of an important group of five camps in the square kilometre to the west of Upton Grange. The camp is rectangular in shape with rounded corners and measures 100m by 120m internally, with the longer sides running north to south. The area enclosed by the camp is 1.2ha. In the southern half the camp is bisected by a hedge boundary with a pond separating the two fields. The camp is of medium size in the range of Roman earthwork camps and has typical rounded corners in the shape of a playing card. The single outside ditch will have a V-shaped cut and a rampart of earth and turf inside. The camps were probably practice camps for the Roman troops stationed in the fortress at Chester.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 10 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Higham, N, A Cropmark at Upton Grange near Chester, (1986)
Ainsworth, S, 'Journal of the Chester Arch. Soc.' in Two Rectangular Enclosures at Stamford Heath, (1988), 81-85
Ainsworth, S, 'Journal of the Chester Arch. Soc.' in Two Rectangular Enclosures at Stamford Heath, (1988), 81-85
Other
Collens J and Philpott R, Cheshire County Council SMR, (1990)

National Grid Reference: SJ 42096 69561

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Oct-2014 at 10:46:06.