List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 250m WSW of Valance Farm

List entry Number: 1015009

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
CambridgeshireSouth CambridgeshireDistrict AuthorityIckleton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Mar-1982

Date of most recent amendment: 30-Aug-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 27167

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance caused by limited excavation, the bowl barrow WSW of Valance Farm is well preserved. The barrow survives as an upstanding earthwork, in marked contrast to the majority of barrows in the region which are now only visible as cropmarks from the air. Funerary remains will be preserved in buried features beneath the mound which will illustrate the function of the monument and the beliefs of the prehistoric community which built it. Further remains, funerary and otherwise, may also be found in the fills of the surrounding ditch and environmental evidence both here and on the former ground surface beneath the mound, will provide valuable information concerning the appearance of the landscape in which the monument was set.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated on the tip of a low spur in the chalk hills providing wide views over lower ground to the north east towards the village of Ickeleton and the valley of the River Cam or Granta. The barrow is now contained within a small copse, in the absence of which it would have served as a conspicuous local landmark. The barrow is circular in plan measuring 24m in diameter, and surviving to a height of 0.9m-1.2m. The top of the mound appears flattened although the angles of the surrounding slopes indicate that much of the original profile is retained. A slight depression in the centre of the mound may mark the location of a small scale excavation carried out by students from Cambridge before 1914. The surrounding ditch, from which material for the mound was originally quarried, is now completely infilled. However, an aerial photograph taken in 1988 shows part of the ditch as a ploughmark extending slightly beyond the south western edge of the copse.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

  1. Other  Reference - Author: CUCAP - Title: BL 74 - Date: 1988 - Type: AERIAL PHOTOGRAPH
  2. Other  Reference - Author: Taylor, A - Title: 4216 Round barrow WSW of Valance Farm - Date: 1980 - Type: SMR - Description: Site notes

National Grid Reference: TL 48232 41818

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2014 at 05:17:13.