List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 100m NNW of The Plantation: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

List entry Number: 1014782

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HampshireTest ValleyDistrict AuthorityStockbridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 15-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 14-Feb-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26730

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Stockbridge Down is one of few surviving areas of undisturbed chalk downland in Wessex and contains a range of generally well preserved archaeological features. A survey of the area has confirmed the survival of prehistoric round barrows, linear earthworks and field systems all to the south of the Iron Age hillfort of Woolbury. The bowl barrow 100m NNW of The Plantation on Stockbridge Down is a well preserved example of its class. The barrow exhibits a largely original profile with a pronounced ditch surrounding the mound. The visual appearance of the mound suggests some small scale excavation in the past but, despite this, archaeological remains will survive providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment. The monument is situated within an area of unrestricted public access.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ditched bowl barrow, part of a dispersed group of barrows situated to the south of Woolbury hillfort on the southern slopes of Stockbridge Down. The monument lies approximately 100m north of the A 272 Stockbridge to Winchester road and NNW of The Plantation. The barrow has a mound 12m in diameter and 0.8m high on the summit of which is a central hollow. The hollow, which is 4m in diameter and 0.2m deep is likely to be the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. The mound is entirely surrounded by a visible ditch from which material to construct the mound was quarried. The ditch, which is 3m wide and an average of 0.3m deep, is most pronounced on the uphill (north) side of the mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Papworth, M, Archaeological Survey, Stockbridge Down and Marsh, Hampshire, (1992), 18-19
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. Vol 14, (1938), 353

National Grid Reference: SU 37780 34735

Map


© Crown Copyright and database right 2014. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2014. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 26-Oct-2014 at 01:08:32.