List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm

List entry Number: 1014562

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
OxfordshireWest OxfordshireDistrict AuthorityChadlington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 23-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 20-May-1996

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28118

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced in height by cultivation over the last 50 years, the bowl barrow on Barter's Hill survives as a recognisable earthwork and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, known as Barter's Hill barrow, located on the east facing slope of Barter's Hill, 525m north of Barter's Hill Farm. The barrow has a stony mound 28m in diameter and 0.2m high. This is known to have stood 0.7m high in 1940 and would originally have measured at least 1m high. Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level is a 3m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained during the construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

  1. Other  Reference - Author: C.A.O. - Title: Barters Hill Round Barrow - Date: 1984 - Type: SMR - Description: PRN 2290
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Mudd, A - Title: Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds - Date: 1983 - Type: DESC TEXT
  3. Map  Reference - Author: Ordnance Survey - Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 - Date: 1980 - Type: MAP - Description: SP 32 SW

National Grid Reference: SP 30476 21932

Map

© Crown Copyright and database right 2012. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100019088.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2012. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Apr-2014 at 08:18:38.