List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 270m SSW of Woolbury hillfort: one of a dispersed group of barrows on Stockbridge Down

List entry Number: 1013639

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
HampshireTest ValleyDistrict AuthorityStockbridge

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Dec-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 26732

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Stockbridge Down is one of few surviving areas of undisturbed chalk downland in Wessex and contains a range of generally well preserved archaeological features. A survey of the area has confirmed the survival of prehistoric round barrows, linear earthworks and field systems all to the south of the Iron Age hillfort of Woolbury. The bowl barrow on Stockbridge Down, despite the erosion which has levelled the mound, will still contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age burial practices, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the levelled remains of a Bronze Age ditched bowl barrow, part of a dispersed group of barrows situated to the south of Woolbury hillfort on the southern slopes of Stockbridge Down. The monument lies on gently sloping ground approximately 270m SSW of the hillfort. The barrow mound was recorded in 1989 as being approximately 19m in diameter, and is now visible largely in the form of a scatter of flints which represents the spread of more durable mound material. Surrounding this, and surviving as a buried feature approximately 3m wide, is the barrow ditch from which material to construct the mound was quarried.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Papworth, M, Archaeological Survey, Stockbridge Down and Marsh, Hampshire, (1992), 25
Eagles, B N, 'British Archaeological Reports: British Series' in Woolbury Fields, Stockbridge Down, Hampshire, , Vol. 209, (1989)
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. Vol 14, (1938), 353

National Grid Reference: SU 37972 34926

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 24-Oct-2014 at 10:20:09.