List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Twelve Apostles stone circle, Burley Moor

List entry Number: 1011763

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
BradfordMetropolitan AuthorityBurley

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Dec-1930

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Dec-1994

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 25313

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered across the moor. Burial monuments stone circles and a range of enclosed settlements are also known. Stone circles are prehistoric monuments comprising one or more circles of upright or recumbent stones. The circle of stones may be surrounded by earthwork features such as enclosing banks and ditches. Single upright stones may be found within the circle or outside it. Burial cairns may also be found close to and, on occasion, within the circle. Stone circles are found throughout England, particularly in upland areas. Where excavated they have been found to date from the Late Neolithic to the Middle Bronze Age (c.2400- 1000 BC). We do not fully understand the uses for the which these monuments were originally constructed but it is clear that they had considerable ritual importance for the societies that used them. In many instances excavation has indicated that they provided a focus for burials and the rituals that accompanied interment of the dead. Some stone circles appear to have had a calendrical function, helping mark the passage of time and seasons, this being indicated by careful alignment of stones to mark important solar or lunar events such as sunrise or sunset at midwinter or midsummer. Of the 250 or so stone circles identified in England, over 100 are examples of small stone circles. These comprise a regular or irregular ring of between 7 and 16 stones with a diameter of between 4 and 20 metres. As a rare monument type which provides an important insight into prehistoric ritual activity, all surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although much damaged this stone circle remains identifiable and will retain evidence of its original location and form. A substantial proportion of the below ground archaeology will also still survive intact.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes 12 irregularly spaced stones arranged in an approximate circle, and surrounded by an indistinct earthen bank. All but one of the stones are now upright. One of these is propped up rather than earthfast, and the recumbent stone has obviously been similarly propped in the recent past. Few, if any, of the stones are in their original positions. Two stones have been snapped, one of these having been cemented back together. The bank is very indistinct, reaching a maximum height of 0.4m, and is c.3m in width. The diameter including the bank is 22m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Marriott, J, Twelve Apostles (PRN 37), (1991)

National Grid Reference: SE 12612 45066

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 26-Nov-2014 at 08:42:59.