List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Reed Hill

List entry Number: 1011161

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire EastUnitary AuthorityLyme Handley

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 18-Oct-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 23609

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor disturbance to the monument by early 20th century excavation, the round cairn on Reed Hill survives reasonably well. This excavation located human remains, and further evidence of interments will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the summit of Reed Hill. It includes a slightly oval-shaped mound of partly turf-covered stones up to 1.4m high with maximum dimensions of 16m by 15m. Limited early 20th century excavation of the cairn located the primary central gritstone cist containing a mass of cremated human bones. A secondary cist was located but found to have been previously emptied.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

  1. Other  Reference - Author: Darvill,T. - Title: MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows - Date: 1988 - Page References: 7 - Type: DESC TEXT
  2. Article  Reference - Author: Andrew, W J - Date: 1912 - Journal Title: Trans Lancs & Chesh Ant Soc - Volume: 30 - Page References: 184-94 - Type: DESC TEXT

National Grid Reference: SJ 97812 79850

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 02-Sep-2014 at 07:55:30.