List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Moated site north of Apsley End

List entry Number: 1009586

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Central BedfordshireUnitary AuthorityShillington

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jul-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20428

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site north of Apsley End is a well-preserved example of a small rectangular type with a moat ditch which retains waterlogged silts, from which environmental data may be recovered, and an island that contains evidence in the form of building remains. The monument lies in an area where smaller moated sites are particularly numerous and therefore chronological and social variations between sites may be explored.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a medieval moated site situated on low lying ground some 300m north of the crossroads at Apsley End. The moat is rectangular in plan with rounded corners and has external dimensions of 70m north-south by up to 50m east-west. The moat ditch is almost 2m deep and holds standing water. Three arms of the ditch are about 12m wide but the eastern arm is considerably wider because its outer scarp is gently sloping and extends for a further 10m or so to the east. An 8m wide causeway, located at the centre of the eastern arm, gives access to the island which measures about 45m by 18m and is level with the surrounding land. An overflow channel, 5m wide by 0.5m deep, leaves the north-west corner of the moat and extends for about 30m to the north. The channel originally drained into a stream whose extinct course can be observed to the west of the moat. The moat is considered to be the site of a medieval manor house. Buildings survived on the island as late as the 19th century and are depicted on the enclosure map of 1817. Fragments of building stone have been noted in rabbit burrows. The wooden fence which crosses the overflow channel to the north of the moat is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

  1. Map  Reference - Title: Beds. CRO: MA43 Enclosure map - Date: 1817 - Type: MAP
  2. Book  Reference - Author: Howlitson, M - Title: Moated Sites Survey - Date: 1980 - Type: DESC TEXT - Description: Pagination 40-1
  3. Other  Reference - Author: Ms. S. Weston - Date: 1991 - Type: PERS COMM
  4. Other  Reference - Author: P.A.S. - Title: Ordnance Survey Record - Date: 1973 - Type: DESC TEXT

National Grid Reference: TL 12202 33440

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 20-Sep-2014 at 05:01:07.