List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Swineyard Hall moated site

List entry Number: 1009585

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire EastUnitary AuthorityHigh Legh

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Dec-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13502

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite infilling of the moat's southern arm the monument remains a good example of a small medieval moated site. An unusual feature of this site is the existence of buried remains, thought to be contemporary with earlier occupation of the moated site, outside the moated enclosure. Evidence of the earlier hall and drawbridge will lie beneath the present house and upon the island. Additionally organic material will be preserved in the waterlogged moat.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is the moated site of Swineyard Hall. It includes an island measuring c.38m square upon which stands Swineyard Hall. Surrounding the island are three arms of a waterlogged moat preserved as a stone and brick-lined ornamental pond with a width ranging from 6m across the western arm to 14m across the eastern arm by 0.4m deep to the water level. The southern arm has been infilled and a cobbled yard now occupies this area. A modern timber footbridge gives pedestrian access across the northern arm close to its north-western corner and replaced a drawbridge known to have existed until the 1920s. Between the moat's northern arm and Swineyard Lane is an area of lawn beneath which, at a depth of c.0.5m, are areas of cobbling and structural foundations. In the early 14th century the hamlet of Swineyard became the residence of a branch of the Legh family. Swineyard Hall is late 16th century with 19th- century additions and is a Listed Building Grade II*. Swineyard Hall and outbuilding, all service pipes, walls, railings, fences, telegraph poles, the timber bridge and the yard are excluded from the scheduling; the ground beneath all these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1989)
DOE, List of Buildings of Historic & Architectural Interest,
Mrs Houghton (site owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1991)
SMR No. 1195/1/1, Cheshire SMR, Swineyard Hall Farmhouse, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SJ 67800 83823

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 31-Oct-2014 at 08:50:48.