List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn 200m south-west of Sutton Hall

List entry Number: 1007397

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire EastUnitary AuthoritySutton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 09-Apr-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 06-Sep-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22574

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited excavation north of the monument's centre and minor surface damage by a combination of ploughing and stock erosion, the round cairn 200m south-west of Sutton Hall survives reasonably well. This excavation located secondary cremations, and further evidence of inhumations and grave goods will exist within the cairn and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located in flat pasture 200m south-west of Sutton Hall. It includes a largely turf-covered oval mound of stones up to 1.6m high with maximum dimensions of 23.5m by 18m. There is a central hollow 7m in diameter and 0.3m deep in the cairn's summit in which a water-trough is now situated. On the northern side of the mound is a shallow depression indicating the site of limited excavation undertaken in 1962. This excavation found the cairn to be largely composed of river cobbles. A small number of secondary cremations were found but not the primary burial at the monument's centre. The water tank is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath the tank is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

  1. Other  Reference - Author: Cheshire SMR - Title: Untitled - Date: 1987 - Type: SMR - Description: SMR No. 1539
  2. Other  Reference - Author: Darvill,T. - Title: MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows - Date: 1988 - Page References: 7 - Type: DESC TEXT

National Grid Reference: SJ 92485 71319

Map


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This copy shows the entry on 23-Sep-2014 at 01:25:31.