List entry

List entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Yearn's Low bowl barrow

List entry Number: 1007390

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County District District Type Parish
Cheshire EastUnitary AuthorityRainow

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Apr-1957

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Oct-1993

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 22567

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited 19th and 20th century excavation of the monument's centre and a small area to the north, Yearn's Low bowl barrow survives reasonably well. The site is a rare example in Cheshire of a bowl barrow displaying re-use during the Roman period. Further evidence of interments and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is Yearn's Low bowl barrow. It is located in a slight col on a ridge, with higher ground to the east and west, and includes a mound of earth and stones 19m in diameter and up to 1.5m high. Nineteenth century investigation of the barrow's centre has left a hollow 0.8m deep; to the north of this is a trench 0.5m deep resulting from a small excavation undertaken during the 1970's. The antiquarian investigation located Roman coins, glass beads and some bones. No finds are recorded from the more recent excavation which was abandoned shortly after it began due to a change in the monument's ownership. Two drystone walls which cross the barrow and meet south-east of its summit are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

  1. Book  Reference - Author: Barnatt, J - Title: The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989) - Date: 1989
  2. Other  Reference - Author: Darvill,T. - Title: MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows - Date: 1988 - Page References: 7 - Type: DESC TEXT
  3. Book  Reference - Author: Sainter, J D - Title: Scientific Rambles Around Macclesfield - Date: 1878 - Page References: 16 - Type: DESC TEXT

National Grid Reference: SJ 96439 75968

Map

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Apr-2014 at 01:12:34.